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Translation glossary: Law - Courts

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AccusedThe person charged. The person who has allegedly committed the offence 
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Acknowledgement of serviceForm of reply to, or confirmation of, service of process 
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AcquittalDischarge of defendant following verdict or direction of not guilty 
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ActLaw, as an act of parliament 
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Actionsee CLAIM 
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Adjourned generally or sine dieTemporary suspension of the hearing of a case by order of the Court (maybe for a short period, eg to next day or sine die). See LATIN TERMS 
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AdjudicationJudgment or decision of a Court or tribunal 
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Administration orderAn order by a County Court directing a debtor to pay a specified monthly instalment into Court in respect of outstanding debts. The Court retains the 
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Admiralty actionssee High Court 
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AdoptionAn act by which the rights and duties of the natural parents of a child are extinguished and equivalent rights and duties become vested in the adopter 
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AdulteryVoluntary sexual intercourse between a married person and another person who is not the spouse, while the marriage is still valid. This is a common fa 
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AdvocateA barrister or solicitor representing a party in a hearing before a Court 
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Affidavit(see Statement) A written statement of evidence confirmed on oath or by affirmation to be true and taken before someone who has authority to administe 
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AffirmationDeclaration by a witness who has no religious belief, or has religious beliefs that prevent him/her taking the oath, that the evidence he/she is givin 
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Allocation questionnaireIssued to all parties after a defence has been filed. This form details all the evidence to be used as well as the required domestic arrangements for 
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Alternative dispute resolutionAn alternative method by which parties can resolve their dispute - could be arbitration 
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Ancillary reliefAdditional claims (eg in respect of maintenance) attached to the petition for divorce/judicial separation/nullity 
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AnnulTo declare no longer valid 
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AppealApplication to a higher Court or authority for review of a decision of a lower Court or authority 
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AppellantPerson who appeals 
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ApplicantPerson making the request or demand, eg person who issues an application 
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ApplicationThe act of applying to a Court 
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Appraisement or appraisalValuation of goods seized under warrant of execution prior to sale 
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Assisted person (legally)A party to legal proceedings who is receiving legal aid 
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Attachment of earningsAn order that directs an employer of a debtor to deduct regularly an amount, fixed by the Court, from the debtor\'s earnings and pay that sum into Cou 
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AwardResult of an arbitration hearing or the amount of damages assessed by a Court 
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BailRelease of a defendant from custody, until his/her next appearance in Court, subject sometimes to security being given and/or compliance with certain 
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BailiffOfficer of the County Court empowered to serve Court documents and execute warrants 
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BankruptInsolvent - unable to pay creditors and having all goods/effects administered by a liquidator or trustee and sold for the benefit of those creditors; 
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BarThe collective term for barristers 
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Barrister(see Counsel; Silk) A member of the bar: the branch of the legal profession which has rights of audience before all Courts 
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Bench warrantA warrant issued by the judge for an absent defendant to be arrested and brought before a Court 
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Bill of costs(see Taxation of costs, Summary assessment and Detailed assessment. 
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Bill of indicmentA written statement of the charges against a defendant sent for trial to the Crown Court, and signed by an officer of the Court 
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Bind overIn the Crown Court or (more usually) the Magistrates Court, and signed by an officer of the Court 
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Bind over for sentenceAn order which requires the defendant to return to Court on an unspecified date for sentence. Failure to observe this order may result in a forfeit or 
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BriefWritten instructions to counsel to appear at a hearing on behalf of a party prepared by the solicitor and setting out the facts of the case and any ca 
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Case conferenceUsually the first hearing in a Multi track claim and an opportunity to take stock and consider the way forward 
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Case numberA unique reference number allocated to each case by the issuing Court 
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Cautioni) Notice given to the Land Registry by any person with an interest in particular land to ensure that no action is taken in respect of the land withou 
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CaveatA notice given to the registrar that effectively prevents action by another party without first notifying the party entering the caveat 
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Certificate of Legal Aid CostsA certificate of costs allowed following taxation by a judicial or taxing officer (Previously referred to as an Allocatur) 
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CessateA grant of representation of limited duration which has ceased and expired 
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Chambersi) Private room, or Court from which the public are excluded in which a District Judge or Judge may conduct certain sorts of hearings ii) Offices used 
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Chancery Divisionsee High Court 
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ChargeA formal accusation against a person that a criminal offence has been committed (see also Charging order) 
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Charging OrderAn order directing that a charge be registered at the Land Registry on property owned by the debtor. This is also a form of enforcing civil debt. An o 
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Circuit JudgeA judge who sits in the County Court and/or Crown Court 
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CivilMatters concerning private rights and not offences against the state 
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Civil Justice ReformsThe result of the Access to Justice report by Lord Woolf The aim is to provide more effective access to Justice through quicker, cheaper and more prop 
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