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Japanese to English: Column in Mainichi Shinbun Newspaper
Source text - Japanese 危機が刻々と深まる中で、原則論の域を出ずに終わった先進７カ国財務相・中央銀行総裁会議（Ｇ７）だった。
Translation - English The G7 meeting, (the meeting of Finance Ministers and Chairmen of Central Banks of Developed Countries) in deepening crisis ended without agreements beyond principles.
All of the Wording of the joint statement was politically correct. "The mobilization policies, in cooperation with the national economic growth, Job growth, aimed at strengthening the financial," "Never to build new trade barriers, nor new protectionist policies shall be adopted." However, the question now is what real steps will there be.
The G7 Finance summit in Washington last November, which included major countries supposedly united those countries under the banner of "Anti-Protectionism". However, this promise was quickly subdued. An example was, this time, in a large American stimulative step, “Buy American” provision was put in, which required the use of American products at public works projects. In order for protectionism not to spread beyond this, G7 countries must show their own examples to the world.
What I believe is most important is not to let the protectionism get accelerated. When country's employment condition deteriorates, insecurity toward the future looms, there promulgate the protectionism.
Then what shall there be the measures? There is no doubt that G7 countries have taken unusual steps so far. It is appreciable that in the latest joint communique, it stated their intentions to provide public finance proactively, and to execute quickly.
However, the most troublesome problem still remains.
Crisis started from the toxic assets in Financial institutions in the US and Europe. Unless these are removed, the several tens of trillion yen stimulus package would not become decisive. I am sure the participants of G7 recognized this, however, when it comes to specific measures, difficult issues remains. Which financial institution shall be rescued? To what extent should the federal involvement be extended to the rescued? How much more public money is required?
In addition to the US, there are problems with the way to deal with large financial institutions holding troubled assets in Europe. How to resolve these issues are the imminent problem. When it comes to additional infusion of enormous public finance and nationalization would surely cause uproar in public opinion. Nonetheless, if they don't tackle the problem face off, there would be painful reaction from the market including sudden fall in stock prices.
Last fall, when American government stepped in to infuse capital to financial institutions with public fund, quick actions by the European countries that followed produced posibive pressure and resulted in good influence to the US. Hopefully, G7 countries stimulate each other in actions as good rivals, towards financial stabilization and crisis management.
Meanwhile, at the G7 meeting, there was an occasion that causes questions whether Japan is really OK. After the meeting, at the press conference with the Bank of Japan President Mr. Shirakawa, Shoichi Nakagawa, the Finance Minister had made unclear response, and was silent with a long pause, and reportedly caused concern on the lack of seriousness on his part at G7 under crisis.
It was a sight that is hard to justify as a finance minister of the second largest economic giant, who has to contribute to the international meeting, such as G7, and who has to lead the dealing of domestic economic measures under the financial crisis.
English to Japanese: Endoscope Operators manual
Source text - English CAUTION
• Use only in conjunction with Olympus EVIS EXERA/LUCERA series
• The water tube MAJ-1608 MUST be replaced daily - failure to do so may
lead to patient infection and a reduction in equipment performance.
• Reprocess the MAJ-855 following each use according to the
manufacturer’s instructions supplied with the product.
• The MAJ-1606 and MAJ-1607 must be replaced after each patient use.
Failure to do so may lead to risk of cross-infection.
• Check the “USE BY” date of all accessories as indicated on the
packaging label. Do not use any accessories beyond the specified “USE
• Do not allow the water container to run dry, otherwise air will be supplied
to the patient causing discomfort.
• To prevent free-flow of water to the patient, do not open the pump lever
when the OFP-2 is connected to an endoscope which is inserted into the
patient. Ensure the OFP-2 is positioned below patient level.
• If any section of water tube from the pump to the water container is
blocked or kinked, the flow rate will be noticeably reduced. Check the
water tube for kinks or blockages, and should the slightest irregularity be
suspected - do not use.
• Should the OFP-2 be operated with a blocked endoscope, damage to
the endoscope and/or water tube may occur. In this event, care must be
taken when disconnecting the fluid path as the system may be
pressurised. To assist in depressurising the system, the pump head
should be opened to allow water back into the bottle. This must only be
carried out with the endoscope removed from the patient. Replace the
water tube and reprocess the water bottle and water bottle cap before
the unit is reused.
• Inspect the MAJ-855 for obvious signs of wear or damage, and should
the slightest irregularity be suspected - do not use. Replace in
accordance with its instructions for use.
• Before each use, inspect the water container and cap for obvious signs
of wear or damage and should the slightest irregularity be suspected -
do not use.
• Always remove and empty the water container before moving the
equipment. Care should be taken to obtain a firm grip underneath the
body of equipment before moving. The water container must never be
used as a hand hold or carrying handle.
• Store and use the OFP-2 within the environmental conditions described
in Chapter 9 ‘Specification’ (page 35); failure to do so may lead to
equipment malfunction or failure.