erika rubinstein has earned KudoZ points by translating tough terms for fellow translators. Click a point total to see term translations provided.


KudoZ points
By language pair


Working languages highlighted.
Non-PRO pts in parentheses.
Pair Points
English to Russian (76) 3777
German to Russian (42) 3365
Russian to German (48) 2425
English to German (101) 1977
Spanish to German (40) 1201
Russian to English (48) 918
Italian to German (55) 869
Italian to Russian (40) 451
Spanish to Russian (22) 405
Russian to Spanish (4) 148
Russian to Italian (12) 80
German to English (4) 53
German (8) 38
German to Italian (4) 33
Spanish to English 26
Russian 26
German to Spanish 23
English (16) 12
English to Spanish 12
Italian to English (4) 8
German to Polish 4
Russian to English Old (ca.450-1100) 4
Spanish 4
French to Russian 4
English to Estonian 4
Portuguese to Russian 4

KudoZ points
By field (general)


Working fields highlighted.
Non-PRO pts in parentheses.
General Field Points
Other (248) 3982
Tech/Engineering (55) 3347
Bus/Financial (60) 2213
Law/Patents (26) 1842
Marketing (28) 1275
Medical (35) 1127
Art/Literary (48) 941
Social Sciences (24) 728
Science 416

KudoZ points
By field (detailed)


Personal specialities highlighted (if reported).
Non-PRO pts in parentheses.
Detailed Field Points
Law (general) (16) 994
Law: Contract(s) (14) 961
Medical (general) (8) 673
Business/Commerce (general) (24) 668
Construction / Civil Engineering (8) 614
Finance (general) (8) 581
Other (43) 521
Engineering (general) (8) 493
Marketing / Market Research (12) 454
Tourism & Travel (6) 414
General / Conversation / Greetings / Letters (91) 389
Education / Pedagogy (24) 346
Textiles / Clothing / Fashion (4) 340
Cooking / Culinary (11) 305
Engineering: Industrial (4) 303
Mechanics / Mech Engineering 288
Psychology 251
Human Resources 248
Poetry & Literature (24) 245
Advertising / Public Relations 239
Certificates, Diplomas, Licenses, CVs 233
Government / Politics (8) 229
Mining & Minerals / Gems 220
Food & Drink (11) 210
Medical: Health Care (16) 198
Transport / Transportation / Shipping 193
Economics (4) 191
Architecture (7) 188
Automotive / Cars & Trucks (3) 165
Art, Arts & Crafts, Painting 164
Electronics / Elect Eng (4) 158
History 143
Chemistry; Chem Sci/Eng 141
Music (4) 138
Management (8) 136
Medical: Pharmaceuticals 135
Religion 133
Cosmetics, Beauty (3) 128
Sports / Fitness / Recreation 126
Geology 121
Journalism (10) 120
Insurance 116
Social Science, Sociology, Ethics, etc. (4) 116
Environment & Ecology 102
Wine / Oenology / Viticulture 99
Petroleum Eng/Sci 98
Manufacturing 97
Law: Taxation & Customs 91
Real Estate (3) 88
Energy / Power Generation 88
Metallurgy / Casting 86
Accounting (4) 85
IT (Information Technology) (12) 82
Materials (Plastics, Ceramics, etc.) 79
Cinema, Film, TV, Drama (8) 77
Military / Defense (4) 77
Agriculture 77
Internet, e-Commerce (12) 74
Nutrition 68
Printing & Publishing 67
Investment / Securities 67
Retail 64
Names (personal, company) (8) 64
Geography 62
Computers: Software 59
Ships, Sailing, Maritime 56
Law: Patents, Trademarks, Copyright (4) 53
Furniture / Household Appliances (2) 53
Idioms / Maxims / Sayings (20) 53
Medical: Instruments (8) 47
Aerospace / Aviation / Space 44
Biology (-tech,-chem,micro-) (4) 44
International Org/Dev/Coop 44
Games / Video Games / Gaming / Casino (8) 42
Photography/Imaging (& Graphic Arts) 42
Medical: Cardiology 40
Livestock / Animal Husbandry 39
Media / Multimedia 39
Fisheries 36
Forestry / Wood / Timber 36
Telecom(munications) 36
Safety 34
Computers (general) (4) 32
Slang (12) 31
Linguistics (16) 28
Medical: Dentistry 23
Physics (4) 20
Botany 20
SAP 19
Metrology 16
Esoteric practices (4) 16
Computers: Systems, Networks 16
Paper / Paper Manufacturing 16
Archaeology 16
Mathematics & Statistics 16
Astronomy & Space 15
Automation & Robotics 12
Patents 12
Genetics 8
Science (general) 8
Zoology 8
Nuclear Eng/Sci 5
Computers: Hardware 4
Philosophy 4
Surveying 4
Folklore 4