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English to Spanish: Brief biographical outline on Giuseppe Arcimboldo General field: Art/Literary Detailed field: Art, Arts & Crafts, Painting
Source text - English In 1549, at the age of 22, Giuseppe Arcimboldo made his debut as an artist. The records of the Milan Cathedral tell us that, together with his father, he was paid for designing several stained glass windows. He went on to work for the Milan Cathedral after his father’s death, until 1558. During this period he designed stained glass windows for the Milan Cathedral and several gobelin tapestries for the Como Cathedral.
In 1562, Giuseppe Arcimboldo became a court painter of Emperor Ferdinand I (Habsburg) and left for Vienna, then moved to Prague. During the 2 years, when Arcimboldo served Ferdinand I, he painted several portraits of the Imperial family as well as the first series of his Four Seasons.
When Ferdinand I died, in 1564, and was succeeded by Emperor Maximilian II (1527-1576), Arcimboldo continued as his court artist. As he was a man of many talents he also served the Emperor as an architect, stage designer, engineer, water engineer and art specialist.
Like his two predecessors, Emperor Rudolph II (1552-1612) also took Arcimboldo into his service. The eleven years, which the artist spent with Rudolph II, were probably the peak of his career.
In 1587, after 11 years of service and a number of urgent requests, Arcimboldo finally received permission from Rudolph II to return to his native Milan.
The painter died in Milan, on 11 July 1593.
Translation - Spanish En 1549, a la edad de veintidós años, Giuseppe Arcimboldo hizo su debut como artista. Los registros de la Catedral de Milán nos dicen que se le pagó a él y a su padre para diseñar varias vidrieras de colores, comisión que continuó el después de la muerte de éste en 1558. Durante este periodo pintó otros vitrales para la Catedral de Milán y varios tapices estilo Gobelin para la Catedral de Como.
En 1562, Arcimboldo se convierte en pintor de la cohorte del emperador Fernando I de Habsburgo (1503-1564) y parte hacia Viena para luego radicarse en Praga. Durante los dos años en los cuales Arcimboldo sirve a Fernando I, aquel pinta varios retratos de la familia imperial y la primera serie de sus Cuatro Estaciones.
Tras la muerte de Fernando I en 1564, Arcimboldo continúa su labor para Maximiliano II (1527-1576), sucesor en el trono imperial. El talentoso milanés también funge para la corona romano-germánica como arquitecto, escenógrafo, ingeniero, maestro de aguas y consultor artístico.
Al igual que sus predecesores, el emperador Rodolfo II (1552-1612) llama a Arcimboldo a su servicio. Los once años de labor para Rodolfo II fueron probablemente el cenit de la carrera del artista. Transcurridos estos y después de un sinnúmero de peticiones urgentes, Arcimboldo recibe permiso de Rodolfo II para retornar a Milán en 1587, en donde muere el once de julio de 1593.
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