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English to Chinese: good nutrition for everyone 人人好健康 General field: Medical Detailed field: Medical: Health Care
Source text - English Eating well is important for everyone. The types and amounts of foods that we eat affect our energy levels, our moods and how we feel about ourselves.
A healthy lifestyle plays a key overall role in keeping the body strong, supporting the immune system (the cells and proteins that defend the body against infection) and reducing risk for some diseases, such as certain kinds of heart disease and some types of cancer.
Many nutrition professionals agree that a good diet for everyone, including cancer survivors, is a varied diet of nutrient-rich foods, such as a balance of
*Fruits and vegetables
*Low-fat protein foods, such as fish, lean meats and poultry.
Many people who are motivated to eat well for good health want to know about “phytonutrients,” also called “phytochemicals”—which are certain natural compounds found in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and other plant-based foods.
Phytonutrients give plants their rich color, distinctive taste and smell. There are thousands of phytonutrients that may provide a number of health benefits. These compounds work together as a team and provide more protection when eaten as whole foods, rather than supplements.
You can increase your intake of phytonutrients by eating a variety of plant-based foods including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Phytonutrients are also in spices and tea.
Here are some tips for eating fruits and vegetables:
*Aim for 5 to 10 servings of fruits and vegetables each day (a serving is half a cup for most fruits and veggies, one cup for leafy greens, melons and berries).
*Include one or more servings of cruciferous vegetables in your diet almost every day. Cruciferous vegetables include broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kale, watercress and radishes. A serving is one cup for leafy greens such as kale and half a cup of the other vegetables such as cauliflower.
*These foods are also safe to consume during and after cancer treatment. However, some patients may be advised to have only cooked fruits or vegetables for a period of time, as described in The Neutropenic Diet on page 7.