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|Sample translations submitted: 6 |
|English to Chinese: My Countrymen|
General field: Art/Literary
Detailed field: Poetry & Literature
|Source text - English|
What do you seek, my countrymen?
Do you desire that I build for
You gorgeous palaces, decorated
With words of empty meaning, or
Temples roofed with dreams? Or
Do you command me to destroy what
The liars and tyrants have built?
Shall I uproot with my fingers
What the hypocrites and the wicked
Have implanted? Speak your insane
What is it you would have me do,
My countrymen? Shall I purr like
The kitten to satisfy you, or roar
Like the lion to please myself? I
Have sung for you, but you did not
Dance; I have wept before you, but
You did not cry. Shall I sing and
Weep at the same time?
Your souls are suffering the pangs
Of hunger, and yet the fruit of
Knowledge is more plentiful than
The stones of the valleys.
Your hearts are withering from
Thirst, and yet the springs of
Life are streaming about your
Homes -- why do you not drink?
The sea has its ebb and flow,
The moon has its fullness and
Crescents, and the ages have
Their winter and summer, and all
Things vary like the shadow of
An unborn god moving between
Earth and sun, but truth cannot
Be changed, nor will it pass away;
Why, then, do you endeavour to
Disfigure its countenance?
I have called you in the silence
Of the night to point out the
Glory of the moon and the dignity
Of the stars, but you startled
From your slumber and clutched
Your swords in fear, crying,
"Where is the enemy? We must kill
Him first!" At morningtide, when
The enemy came, I called to you
Again, but now you did not wake
From your slumber, for you were
Locked in fear, wrestling with
The processions of spectres in
And I said unto you, "Let us climb
To the mountain top and view the
Beauty of the world." And you
Answered me, saying, "In the depths
Of this valley our fathers lived,
And in its shadows they died, and in
Its caves they were buried. How can
We depart this place for one which
They failed to honour?"
And I said unto you, "Let us go to
The plain that gives its bounty to
The sea." And you spoke timidly to
Me, saying, "The uproar of the abyss
Will frighten our spirits, and the
Terror of the depths will deaden
I have loved you, my countrymen, but
My love for you is painful to me
And useless to you; and today I
Hate you, and hatred is a flood
That sweeps away the dry branches
And quavering houses.
I have pitied your weakness, my
Countrymen, but my pity has but
Increased your feebleness, exalting
And nourishing slothfulness which
Is vain to life. And today I see
Your infirmity which my soul loathes
I have cried over your humiliation
And submission, and my tears streamed
Like crystalline, but could not sear
Away your stagnant weakness; yet they
Removed the veil from my eyes.
My tears have never reached your
Petrified hearts, but they cleansed
The darkness from my inner self.
Today I am mocking at your suffering,
For laughter is a raging thunder that
Precedes the tempest and never comes
What do you desire, my countrymen?
Do you wish for me to show you
The ghost of your countenance on
The face of still water? Come,
Now, and see how ugly you are!
Look and meditate! Fear has
Turned your hair grey as the
Ashes, and dissipation has grown
Over your eyes and made them into
Obscured hollows, and cowardice
Has touched your cheeks that now
Appear as dismal pits in the
Valley, and death has kissed
Your lips and left them yellow
As the autumn leaves.
What is it that you seek, my
Countrymen? What ask you from
Life, who does not any longer
Count you among her children?
Your souls are freezing in the
Clutches of the priests and
Sorcerers, and your bodies
Tremble between the paws of the
Despots and the shedders of
Blood, and your country quakes
Under the marching feet of the
Conquering enemy; what may you
Expect even though you stand
Proudly before the face of the
Sun? Your swords are sheathed
With rust, and your spears are
Broken, and your shields are
Laden with gaps, why, then, do
You stand in the field of battle?
Hypocrisy is your religion, and
Falsehood is your life, and
Nothingness is your ending; why,
Then, are you living? Is not
Death the sole comfort of the
Life is a resolution that
Accompanies youth, and a diligence
That follows maturity, and a
Wisdom that pursues senility; but
You, my countrymen, were born old
And weak. And your skins withered
And your heads shrank, whereupon
You become as children, running
Into the mire and casting stones
Upon each other.
Knowledge is a light, enriching
The warmth of life, and all may
Partake who seek it out; but you,
My countrymen, seek out darkness
And flee the light, awaiting the
Coming of water from the rock,
And your nation's misery is your
Crime. I do not forgive you
Your sins, for you know what you
Humanity is a brilliant river
Singing its way and carrying with
It the mountains' secrets into
The heart of the sea; but you,
My countrymen, are stagnant
Marshes infested with insects
The spirit is a sacred blue
Torch, burning and devouring
The dry plants, and growing
With the storm and illuminating
The faces of the goddesses; but
You, my countrymen, your souls
Are like ashes which the winds
Scatter upon the snow, and which
The tempests disperse forever in
Fear not the phantom of death,
My countrymen, for his greatness
And mercy will refuse to approach
Your smallness; and dread not the
Dagger, for it will decline to be
Lodged in your shallow hearts.
I hate you, my countrymen, because
You hate glory and greatness. I
Despise you because you despise
Yourselves. I am your enemy, for
You refuse to realize that you are
The enemies of the goddesses.
|Translation - Chinese|
|English to Chinese: Investment Firm Profile|
General field: Bus/Financial
Detailed field: Investment / Securities
|Source text - English|
Aberdeen Asset Management Inc.'s (formerly NWD Investments) manages the US assets of Aberdeen Asset Management. The firm previously had US assets managed in London. The firm's investment philosophy is focused on identifying solid growth opportunities around the world. To narrow the investment universe, the firm analyzes trends, changes and opportunities in industries on a global scale.
Research: The firm combines bottom-up fundamental research from its team of global analysts along with the select use of quantitative screening. The firm watches for companies with catalysts for fundamental change such as new management, distribution or product. Analysts may perform due diligence research, which includes assessing company management, franchise, reviewing financial statements and financial modeling. Once investment candidates are identified, risk is managed through a quantitative screening process. This may include BARRA risk analysis, tracking error ranges and factor analysis.
1) Above average earnings per share growth;
2) High return on invested capital;
3) Healthy balance sheet;
4) Companies that are well-positioned to take advantage of growth opportunities in their industries;
5) Companies that offer long-term strategic growth opportunities because of their strong competitive advantage within key growth segments.
1) Stock price reaches a predetermined price target;
2) Company's growth may disappoint in relation to market expectations;
3) Corporate event such as management change or profit warning;
4) Analyst's outlook for a company's industry and franchise deteriorates;
5) More favorable opportunity is identified.
Portfolio Construction: The firm monitors stock decisions, currency valuations, sector and country allocations, portfolio composition and cash holdings daily. Every month, funds are reviewed for liquidity and returns versus the benchmark.
|Translation - Chinese|
|English to Chinese: The other side of the smart phone war|
General field: Tech/Engineering
Detailed field: Computers: Software
|Source text - English|
While Apple, Google and Research In Motion slug it out over who has the slickest smartphone on the planet, there are other pieces to this fight that most people never see.
The phones draw all the attention, but beneath the covers it's an ecosystem battle rather than one fought by individual companies. One of the more visible battles is being waged by the service providers--Verizon ( VZ - news - people ), AT&T ( T - news - people ), BT Group ( BT - news - people ), NTT and a slew of others. This is the reason virtually all the major carriers are in a race to upgrade their networks from 3G to 4G and provide new data pricing based upon different levels of service. But given the level of investment and the lack of guarantees that subscribers will stick around for more than a single contract, this market is becoming particularly shaky. That explains why the profits AT&T has reaped from its deal with Apple ( AAPL - news - people ) are far lower than the profits Apple has made with a much lower up-front investment.
Moving down a level, a huge battle is being fought over the networking technology used to access those networks. Hewlett-Packard ( HPQ - news - people ) and Cisco ( CSCO - news - people ) are both vying for a piece of the network infrastructure. The good news is that when customers put in this kind of infrastructure, whether it's new or updated, it tends to stick around for a long time. That's also the bad news, because companies typically don't update their network infrastructure with any regularity. Routers are supposed to last a while, which is why both Cisco and HP have expanded into other markets.
Down another level still are the pieces that manage all of this stuff. This is the world where IBM ( IBM - news - people ) is particularly strong, followed somewhat distantly by Cisco and HP. Unlike the two levels sandwiched between Apple and this group, customer loyalty is very high in this space because most of the sales are at the CIO or IT manager level. Moreover, this is a group that turns over its technology on a regular basis because it makes economic sense, according to their number-crunchers. IBM started out focusing on the equipment but has migrated over the past couple decades to enabling the management of the ecosystem. It's like selling shovels and jeans to gold miners rather than trying to strike it with a claim. So when the dot-com bust swallowed server companies like Sun--now part of Oracle ( ORCL - news - people )--IBM emerged relatively unscathed.
"We play in the ecosystem that supports these devices, the enabling applications and we support the carriers," says Steve Mills, IBM's top software visionary. "These are big surrounding markets and they rival the device market. It's the applications and the management tools. We also work with the carriers to help them provision, and we work with the banking industry for online banking and the travel industry for online reservations."
Down yet another notch are the application developers and the component makers--everything from semiconductors to memory and logic--intellectual property that gets built into the chips. As with the levels sandwiched between Apple and IBM, these companies are getting pressured on the bottom by declining prices and rising costs. Applications developers are facing the same kinds of competition that dot-com companies faced in 2000. While it may be good for consumers, it's expensive to stand out amid the swarm, and the pricing pressure is enormous. Component vendors, meanwhile, struggle to gain a foothold in the Big Three platforms and face continued pricing pressures that can only be absorbed by continued volume. Any change in contracts, such as when Apple began developing its own chip, and the bottom falls out of their business plan.
The focus may be on the top, where a bloody war is brewing, but carnage has already begun in the supply chain for all three of the biggest smartphone companies.
|Translation - Chinese|
|English to Chinese: Footballing trends in Europe: the long and the short of it|
General field: Other
Detailed field: Sports / Fitness / Recreation
|Source text - English|
The Professional Football Players Observatory was established in 2005 to monitor demographic trends in European football. It has just released its demographic study for 2011. This time the study has been extended to cover the top-flight of 36 national associations – all members of Uefa – covering over 13,000 players. It is, by some distance, the most detailed study of its kind.
Some of the data is interesting largely for curiosity value. The study shows for instance that the average European club squad comprises 24.5 players of whom 5.2 are aged 21 or under, 8.1 are over 1.85cm tall, and 8.2 are expatriates (1.1 of whom are Brazilian). Internazionale have the oldest first-team squad in Europe (29.61 years) and Olimps Riga of Latvia the youngest (19.02 years). SV Mattersburg of Austria and the Ukrainian side Volyn Lutsk have the tallest squads (186.68cm) and Barcelona the shortest (177.38cm). English clubs have the largest squads (27.4 players) and Czech clubs the smallest (22.1). English clubs have the highest percentage of internationals in their squads (61.1%) with Germany second on 49.6%, the Irish league has the fewest internationals, only 2%, and is the only one of the 36 leagues surveyed not to feature any Brazilians.
Where the study gets really interesting, though, is when it traces trends, often using the PFPO coefficient to rank national championships. "The coefficient," the report explains, "is calculated from the theoretical position of leagues on the regression line obtained by correlating the percentage of matches played in European club competitions by the representatives of national associations and the average personnel expenditure of clubs according to championship." England is thus given a value of 1.0, Spain 0.93, Italy 0.90, Germany 0.88 working through Scotland (0.49, ranked 14th), Poland (0.30, ranked 24th) to Estonia (0.09, ranked 36th).
Does size matter?
The average height of a footballer in Europe is 181.96cm, up 0.28cm on 2008, when PFPO first carried out their study. That suggests there could be some truth to the regular lament of former players that football is becoming more and more about physique and less and less about technique. The Premier League is the seventh tallest of the 31 leagues studied (five were unable to provide sufficient data), Scotland 27th.
Yet Barcelona, surely the best side in the world at the moment, have the shortest squad (followed by Shamrock Rovers, AEK Larnaca, Lorient and St Mirren). The liberalisation of the offside law logically should mean more space, and thus less of a premium on size – which is perhaps reflected in the fact that the PFPO study shows midfielders tend to be shorter than other positions. So why the rise? Perhaps at a lower level, physique continues to be prized. Perhaps Xavi, Lionel Messi, Andrés Iniesta, Wesley Sneijder, Samir Nasri and Luka Modric are a freakish generation of gifted short players who will soon be replaced by giants.
Or perhaps there has been a lag between changes at the top of the game and scouting systems catching up. The PFPO study shows an overwhelming tendency for the 11 most picked players in a squad to be shorter than their team-mates; it's only a theory, but could it be that when judging who to buy, height is far more of an issue than it is when coaches, having seen their players on a training pitch and had a greater opportunity to assess ability, are picking who to play?
How important is stability?
It's a commonplace of punditry when discussing whether a manager should be allowed more time before being sacked to point out that the two longest-serving managers in the Premier League are Sir Alex Ferguson and Arsène Wenger and to conclude that stability brings success. Of course the opposite is also true, that success brings stability and, while Manchester United's board showed great patience to Ferguson early in his career, and the Arsenal board are showing great patience to Wenger now, essentially both have stayed in their jobs for as long as they have because they keep winning things. And there are counter examples: José Mourinho has made a habit of club-hopping with significant success, while the great Bela Guttmann declared early in his career that "the third season is fatal" and made sure never to stay long enough anywhere to put his theory to the test.
The PFPO study shows a clear correlation between player stability and success – although again it would be a step too far to claim causality. Generally speaking, the higher the PFPO coefficient of the league, the longer a player will stay: Sweden top that list with an average stay of 3.19 years, with the Republic of Ireland last with an average stay of 1.73 years.
Manchester United is the most stable club, with players staying an average of 5.71 years (although it will be interesting to see what happens when Ryan Giggs, Paul Scholes and Gary Neville retire), followed by Dynamo Kyiv, Barcelona, SV Mattersburg and Hacken. Or, to add more statistical meat to the bones, in 24 of the 36 leagues studied players stayed longer at the four highest ranked clubs than the other sides in the league.
The PFPO study took Switzerland and Ukraine as case studies, plotting average stay of player against average points per game. In Switzerland the correlation is clear (a coefficient of determination [R2] of 46%); in Ukraine less so (R2 25%), with Shakhtar Donetsk winning more points than might be expected for the average length of stay of their players, and Metalist and Sevastapol fewer.
What's the impact of foreign players?
Blaming foreign imports for a national team's failings always seems a little simplistic, something that is probably seen better in cricket than in football. A decade or so ago (things began to change after the 2005 Ashes, and have shifted radically in recent months) it was common to see pundits lamenting the number of foreign players in the English county game after the Kolpak ruling, supposedly stopping young English players getting a chance. At the same time others insisted the county system was too baggy and that 18 counties meant that it was too easy for young English players to break through so they weren't toughened by the fight for recognition as their Australian counterparts were.
Both, clearly, couldn't be true and the suspicion now must be that – more by luck than judgment – a happy medium had been reached whereby young players found opportunities in a challenging environment (which makes the decision to cut the number of foreign players from two to one troubling).
In football, you would have thought that having 180-200 English players playing in the Premier League, by general consent one of the top two leagues in the world, would be a big enough pool from which to select a 23-man national squad. Only Cypriot clubs have a higher percentage (72.3%) of expatriate players (defined as "a footballer playing outside of the country in which he grew up and from which he departed following recruitment by a foreign club") than English clubs (58.4%), but when the percentage of expatriates is plotted against the PFPO coefficient (R2 42%), you find England actually has relatively few expatriate players (as do Spain and France). Cyprus and Hungary are the big outliers on the other side of the line – that is, relatively large numbers of expatriate players for the PFPO coefficient. Of the five countries with the highest percentage of expatriate players, England is the only one where that percentage has not grown in the past two years.
The PFPO figures aren't designed to show a correlation between the percentage of expatriate players in a league and the performance of the national team. Other factors such as wealth, size of population and footballing history must be taken into account before any realistic assessment of over- or under-achievement can be made. But, as a very crude measure, let's take the 10 leagues surveyed with the highest percentages of expatriate players: Cyprus, England, Portugal, Greece, Belgium, Scotland, Turkey, Italy, Germany and Russia. Their Fifa world rankings are: 89, 6, 8, 11, 58, 52, 31, 14, 3, 13. Now let's take the bottom 10: Serbia (the fewest expatriate players), Iceland, Estonia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Latvia, Croatia, Bulgaria, Republic of Ireland. Their Fifa world rankings are: 23, 113, 86, 55, 17, 30, 76, 9, 49, 35. It's a very basic way of looking at it, but that surely is enough to suggest, at the very least, that the relationship between expatriate players in a league and international success is nowhere near as simple as some have made out.
|Translation - Chinese|
一些数据很能激起人们的好奇心，例如：平均看来，每个欧洲俱乐部拥有24.5名球员，其中5.2人的年龄不超过21岁，8.1人的身高超过1.85 米，8.2人为外援（1.1人为巴西外援）。国际米兰拥有全欧最高龄的一线阵容（29.61岁），拉脱维亚的里加奥林匹斯(Olimps Riga)则是平均年龄最小的童子军（19.02岁）。奥地利马特斯堡(Mattersburg)和乌克兰沃林卢茨克（Volyn Lutsk）的平均身高冠绝全欧（186.68厘米），巴塞罗那则以177.38厘米成为全欧最矮球队。英格兰俱乐部的阵容最庞大（27.4名球员），捷克球会却最擅长精兵简政（22.1名球员）。英格兰俱乐部外援比例最高（61.1%），德国第二（49.6%）；爱尔兰联赛的外籍球员比例最低（2%），也是36个联赛中唯一没有巴西球员的。
|Chinese to English: 西安车辆厂|
General field: Tech/Engineering
Detailed field: Mechanics / Mech Engineering
|Source text - Chinese|
J24A 型集装箱为上装上卸式液体罐式集装箱，为ICC 型国际标准箱，长 x 宽 x 高 = 6058 毫米 x 2438 毫米 x 2591 毫米。罐体材料可为低合金钢或不锈钢，自重 4.17 吨，总容积 24.86 立方米，最大载重 26 吨。可用于装载醇类、苯类、轻油类等多种有机化工介质。可用于国内或国际间的水路、铁路、公路联运，运输及吊装方式与干货集装箱相同。
罐体上设内径为 500 毫米的人孔一个， 液位观察计一个，聚液窝一个，呼吸式安全阀一个，并配有端梯和操作台。人孔开启方便，无需使用扳手以及其他工具；液位计操作简单，站在箱体的任一侧，均可观察液面上升情况，安全阀的工作压力可根据装载液体的性质而设置。
J24B 型集装箱为上装下卸式液体罐式集装箱，是在J24A 型主体结构的基础上派生出来的。即：在罐体左下端的封头上加装了一个通径为 Φ80 毫米的球阀，与外部接管采用法兰联结，整个下卸装置设有两道各自独立的截流装置，阀体上铸有“开”、“关”指示位。
|Translation - English|
The model J24A is an ICC-type international standard tank container with both the loading and discharging openings on the top. Its dimensions are 6,058mm x 2,438mm x 2,591mm. The tank body, made of low-alloyed steel or stainless steel, is 4.17t in weight and 24.86m3 in volume and can contain a maximum of 26t. It can be used to carry various organic chemical media including alcohol, benzene and light oil. It can be used in multimodal transport (sea, rail and road). It shares the same means of transport and hoisting with a dry cargo.
The tank body has a manhole with an internal diameter of 500mm, a level gauge, a liquid trap and a breathing safety valve. It is also equipped with a side ladder and an operating platform. The manhole can be easily opened without the help of a spanner or any other tool. The level gauge is also easy to operate; one can observe the rise of liquid level on either side of the tank body. The working pressure of the safety valve can be configured according to the quality of the liquid contained.
J24B tank container is a derivative from the main frame of the model J24A, but with a discharging outlet at the bottom of tank body, i.e. a spherical valve with a nominal diameter of Φ=80mm installed on the end socket at the bottom left of the tank body, and connected to an external tube by a flange. The discharger has two mutually independent cut-off devices, with the ‘On’ ‘Off’ indicators installed on the valve body.
|Chinese to English: 债市参考|
General field: Bus/Financial
Detailed field: Finance (general)
|Source text - Chinese|
|Translation - English|
On Tuesday, the People’s Bank of China issued 10 billion yuan of one-year central bank bills with a tender price at 98.11 yuan and at a yield of 1.9264%.
China Development Bank is going to issue 20 billion yuan of ten-year floating rate notes on Wednesday. Interest is paid on a semi-annual basis according to the benchmark rate i.e. one-year fixed deposit rate.
Policy should better be in conformity with market expectations in 2010, while unexpected policy changes should be reined in, according to Ba Shusong, Vice Director of Financial Institute at the Development Research Center of the State Council. The monetary policy this year should be generally loose, or tighter in the first half and looser in the second half.
Inter-bank bond market – stable yield expected
The central bank issued 10 billion yuan of one-year central bank bills (1001009) at a yield unchanged at 1.9264%. Back operation was also suspended. Some institutional investors believed that liquidity is likely to be tightened after the Spring Festival despite the stabilised rate of central bank bills issuance, thus causing a rise of interest rate. Market investors are therefore cautious and stable trading in the secondary market is observed.
|Master's degree - Leeds University|
|Years of translation experience: 9. Registered at ProZ.com: Feb 2011.|
|English to Chinese (University of Leeds)|
Chinese to English (University of Leeds)
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Profile last updated
Nov 21, 2016