Working languages:
Korean to English

Joseph Bakes

Local time: 00:34 BST (GMT+1)

Native in: English Native in English
Account type Freelance translator and/or interpreter
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Affiliations This person is not affiliated with any business or Blue Board record at
Services Translation, Editing/proofreading
Specializes in:
PsychologyMedical (general)
Science (general)

Portfolio Sample translations submitted: 1
Korean to English: The Hidden Science of a Trumpet's Pitch
General field: Science
Detailed field: Journalism
Source text - Korean
트럼펫 움높이에 숨은 과학

“빰빠라밤~ 빰빠빠 빰빠라밤~~”

축전이나 의식 등을 알릴 때 많이 들을 수 있는 팡파르에는 거의 빠지지 않고 등장하는 악기가 있다. 바로 팡파르의 시작을 알리는 트럼펫이다.

영화에서 옛날 군악대의 트럼펫 주자들이 연주하는 장면을 보면 그들의 트럼펫은 아무런 장치 없이 길고 밋밋한 관으로 만들어져 있다. 마치 남아공 월드컵에서 응원할 때 불던 ‘부부젤라’처럼 생겼다. 차이가 있다면 부부젤라가 ‘붕붕’거리는 하나의 음만 내는 것과 달리 트럼펫은 여러 개의 음들을 낸다는 것이다. 누를 버튼도, 피스톤도 없이 단순한 관으로만 이루어진 트럼펫으로 어떻게 서로 다른 높이의 음들을 만들 수 있을까?

악기에서 음높이는 시간당 공기가 진동하는 수인 주파수에 의해서 결정된다. 파장이 길면 주파수가 작아 낮은 음이 되고 파장이 짧으면 주파수가 커져 높은 음이 되는 것이다. 기본적으로 관악기의 음높이는 관의 길이에 의해 결정된다. 관악기는 관 속의 공기를 진동시켜 소리를 내는데 관이 길면 그 파장이 길고 관이 짧으면 파장도 짧아진다. 때문에 긴 관은 낮은 소리를 내고 짧은 관은 높은 소리를 낸다. 예를 들어 같은 악기라도 1.3m 길이의 트럼펫은 ‘시 플랫(♭)’음이 나지만 이보다 좀 더 짧은 트럼펫은 한 음 높은 ‘도’음이 난다.

이렇듯 각각의 관이 갖는 기본음은 관을 불었을 때 관의 양쪽 끝에 배고리가 생기고 중앙에 마디가 있는 형태의 기본적인 파동에 의해 만들어진 소리다.
Translation - English

In the fanfares that one hears at ceremonies or celebrations, there is one instrument that will appear almost without exception. It is, of course, the instrument that signals the start of the fanfare – the trumpet.

In the movies, in scenes where we see the old military band trumpet players performing, their instruments are made of long and slender pipes, without any kind of special apparatus. They look just like the vuvuzela blown by the supporters at the South African World Cup. If there is any difference, it is that the vuvuzela let out only a single ‘boong-boong’ sound, whereas the trumpets can produce a number of different notes. How is it possible to make different pitches using a trumpet made up of just a simple tube, without any pistons or buttons to press?

In a musical instrument, the pitch is determined by the frequency (the number of vibrations of the air in a given time). If the wavelength is long, the frequency is low and produces a low note; if the wavelength is short, the frequency is high and produces a high note. Basically, the pitch of the note from a wind or brass instrument is determined by the length of the pipe. Wind and brass instruments produce a sound by causing the air inside the pipe to vibrate; if the pipe is long the wavelength will be long, and if the pipe is short the wavelength will be short. As a result, long pipes produce a low sound and short pipes produce a high sound. For example, even though it’s the same instrument, a 1.3m-long trumpet will generate a C-flat, but a trumpet just a little shorter than this will produce the note a semitone higher, a C.

In this way, the fundamental tone for each individual pipe is the sound when one blows on the pipe, produced by the basic waveform with an anti-node (a ‘peak’ or a ‘trough’) at each end of the pipe and a node in the middle.

Experience Years of experience: 10. Registered at Jul 2011. Certified PRO certificate(s) N/A
Credentials N/A
Memberships N/A
Software Frontpage, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Office Pro, Microsoft Word, Powerpoint
I am a young inexperienced graduate looking for work in translation from Korean to English. I have been learning Korean for over 5 years and have spent almost three years living in Korea. I am currently situated in Korea but will soon be returning to the UK.

I graduated from the University of Cambridge in 2010 with a BA in Medical Sciences (including an elective third year in Japanese Studies). In 2011 I received an A Grade from the Sogang University Language School for completion of Levels 5 and 6 of their Korean Language Program.

For examples of my work please see my portfolio.
Keywords: korean, english, medical, neuroscience, psychology, science, medicine, translation

Profile last updated
May 28, 2015

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