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Japanese to English: Exerpts from: CONTENT TRANSFER DEVICE AND CONTENT TRANSFER METHOD, CONTENT REPRODUCTION DEVICE AND CONTENT REPRODUCTION METHOD, CONTENT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM General field: Law/Patents Detailed field: Computers: Systems, Networks
Source text - Japanese 【技術分野】
Translation - English [Technical Field]
The present disclosure relates to a content transfer device and a content transfer method which transfer a content stream exported from a streaming server, a content reproduction device and a content reproduction method which perform the selection of content and the reproduction of content, a content distribution system, and a computer program. For example, the present disclosure relates to a content transfer device and a content transfer method which transfer a content stream distributed by an IPTV broadcast service to an IPTV service client, a content reproduction device and a content reproduction method which perform the selection of content or channels and reproduction of content as a client in an IPTV service, a content distribution system and a computer program.
Progress is being made in the commercialization of IPTV services and VOD (Video On Demand) services which transmit video content that had been broadcast using ground waves or satellite waves via an IP (Internet Protocol) broadband network.
In the IPTV distribution system of the related art, the HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) is being used for the acquisition and control of the AV stream.
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A content transfer device comprising:
a channel establishment unit which establishes a channel on a network with a content reproduction device that reproduces a content stream;
a reproduction control command reception unit which receives a reproduction control command that controls reproduction of the content stream from the content reproduction device via the network; and
a streaming unit which exports the content stream to the content reproduction device using the channel in accordance with the received reproduction control command.
Japanese to English: Exerpts from: PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT AND SOLAR BATTERY CONTAINING THE SAME General field: Law/Patents Detailed field: Chemistry; Chem Sci/Eng
In recent years, the use of sunlight, which is infinite and does not generate toxic substances, is being actively considered.
An example of an application method of this clean energy source, sunlight, is the application to solar batteries using the photovoltaic effect.
The photovoltaic effect is a phenomenon in which electromotive force is generated by irradiating a substance with light, and by using a photoelectric conversion element containing the substance, it is possible to convert light energy into electrical energy.
An inorganic solar battery which uses photoelectric conversion elements which contain mainly inorganic materials such as monocrystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon, amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride, and copper indium selenide is realized as a solar battery.
However, in the inorganic solar battery, the inorganic materials which are used are required to be of a high purity, therefore there are drawbacks such as the manufacturing process becoming complicated and the manufacturing cost being high.
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The barrier layer is an arbitrary configuration element provided from a viewpoint of preventing a short circuit caused by the recombination of a hole, which is generated by the reception of light and injected into the hole transport layer, electrons of the first electrode, and the like.
The barrier layer may be arranged in a film shape (layer shape) between the first electrode and the photoelectric conversion layer described below.
There are no particular limitations to the configuration material of the barrier layer, and a publicly known material may be used.
Among these, a material having equivalent electrical conductivity to the semiconductor material of the photoelectric conversion layer is preferable.
Specifically, examples thereof include metals such as zinc, niobium, tin, titanium, vanadium, indium, tungsten, tantalum, zirconium, molybdenum, manganese, iron, copper, nickel, iridium, rhodium, chromium, and ruthenium, or oxides thereof; perovskites such as strontium titanate, calcium titanate, barium titanate, magnesium titanate, and strontium niobate, or composite oxides or oxide mixtures thereof; and metallic compounds such as CdS, CdSe, TiC, Si3N4, SiC, and BN.
These materials may be used in isolation and may also be used in a combination or two or more types thereof.
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A photoelectric conversion element comprising:
a first electrode;
a photoelectric conversion layer containing a semiconductor and a sensitizing dye;
a hole transport layer; and
a second electrode,
wherein the sensitizing dye is represented by the following Chemical Formula (1):
(in the formula, Ar1, Ar2, and Ar3 are each independently a divalent aromatic ring-containing group, or a divalent unsaturated hydrocarbon group, and, Ar1, Ar2, and Ar3 which are bonded to a nitrogen atom are divalent aromatic ring-containing groups, in this case, Ar1, Ar2, and Ar3 may form a ring together,
n is an integer of from 1 to 9, and when n is 2 or greater, the respective Ar1s may be different from each other, m is an integer of from 1 to 9, and when m is 2 or greater, the respective Ar2s may be different from each other, l is an integer of from 1 to 5, and when l is 2 or greater, the respective Ar3s may be different from each other, and in this case, m n 3 is satisfied, and when m = n, -(Ar1)n- and -(Ar2)m- are different from each other,
X is a monovalent substituent containing an acidic group, and
Y is a hydrogen atom or a monovalent substituent).
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