|English to Chinese: With Autumn & Winter comes the start of flu season!|
|Source text - English|
With Autumn & Winter comes the start of flu season!
Influenza, or the flu virus, is a highly contagious illness that targets the respiratory system, including the nose, throat and lungs. Transmission of the virus is very easy and it can be passed on by even small amounts of mucus or saliva, such as when someone with the virus sneezes or coughs. Symptoms of flu varies from person to person but will typically include some of the following:
- Aching muscles and joints
- Chills and shivering
- Vomiting and diarrhoea
- Streaming nose
- Sore throat
Many of these symptoms are similar to that of the common cold, however if related to flu, symptoms will be much more severe and will often develop at a much quicker rate. In some it can take just a few of hours to transition from feeling fine to suffering with severe symptoms.
For the majority of people flu will be an unpleasant experience but with rest and hydration it will clear in a few days to a week. However, the virus can be more severe and even fatal in certain groups such as:
- people aged 65 or over
- pregnant women
- people with serious medical conditions
For anyone who falls under one of these groups it is essential that they telephone their GP as soon as possible if they begin to show symptoms. GP’s will often advise people who are infected to stay away from surgeries to prevent the spread of the virus. But in some situations they may prescribe antiviral medication that can help reduce the severity of symptoms and the duration of the illness.
However, the best way to stop flu is not by tackling the virus during an infection, but to prevent the initial infection in the first place.
Every year GP’s offer free flu vaccinations to anyone who falls under the 4 groups shown above. If you feel that you need the vaccination it is best to make an appointment to see your GP as soon as possible.
|Translation - Chinese|