English to Chinese: Bioengineering General field: Science Detailed field: Social Science, Sociology, Ethics, etc.
Source text - English Today, natural sciences are so intertwined with social and political issues that it is difficult to draw a hard and fast dividing line between “pure” and “applied” sciences.
Although the Cold War between the United States of America and Russia has ended for more than two decades, the potential threats of the aftermaths of nuclear warfare and the devastating effects of failures in nuclear power plants have remained, despite promising claims from the proponents of biotechnology.
Supporters for biotechnology claim that it holds the key to meet the needs of the future --- in the multi-dimensional war against hunger, diseases, and problems of our ailing environment. Scientists can produce more food by creating virus-resistant crops and livestocks, improve the quality of human life by gene therapy and eugenics, and they can achieve a cleaner environment by selectively cloning bacteria that can gobble up oil spills or purify sewage water.
Some biophysicists have even recommended to keep human bodies under “deep freeze”, to wait for the day when advances in biotechnology can introduce some form of microscopic gene repair.
However, critics or skeptics of biotechnology are wary of the risks to the future of humankind, and the potential dangers of some crazy individuals who may turn its peaceful use to produce weapons of biological weapons.