English to Chinese: The Rocks, Sydney General field: Other Detailed field: Other
Source text - English The Rocks, Sydney
The Rocks is an urban locality, tourist precinct and historic area of Sydney's city centre, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is located on the southern shore of Sydney Harbour, immediately north-west of the Sydney central business district. The precinct and its immediate surroundings are administered independently of the local government area of the City of Sydney, by a New South Wales state government statutory authority, the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority.
The Rocks became established shortly after the colony's formation in 1788. The original buildings were made mostly of local sandstone, from which the area derives its name. From the earliest history of the settlement, the area had a reputation as a slum, often frequented by visiting sailors and prostitutes. During the late nineteenth century, the area was dominated by a gang known as the Rocks Push. It maintained this rough reputation until approximately the 1870s.
The close proximity to Circular Quay and the views of the iconic Harbour Bridge, as well as the historic nature of many of the buildings, makes the Rocks very popular with tourists. It features a variety of souvenir and craft shops, as well as many themed and historic pubs. The Rocks Market operates each weekend, with around 100 stalls. During the week, shopping options include galleries exhibiting Australian artists, such as Ken Done and Ken Duncan, as well as Australian clothing and Australian opal shops. There are numerous historic walks through the area, visiting historical buildings such as Cadmans Cottage and Sydney Observatory, and the Dawes Point Battery, which was the first fortified position in New South Wales.
Translation - English In 2007, National Energy Foundation and Management Standardization Technical Committee will mainly focus on development of 4aspects of national standards.
The standard of energy consume quota for high energy consuming products. This standard mainly acts on steel, electricity, nonferrous metals, chemical industry and building materials. There are approximately 22 major products. This compulsory standard, belongs to a brand new national standard area. The development of this standard area aims at adapting to the new situation and requirement of energy saving, obsoleting high energy consuming and high polluting products, increasing the difficulties in new and renovation products’ ratification and records, dampening excessive growth of high energy consuming and high polluting industrials.
Compulsory energy efficiency standard for terminal energy-using products. Nowadays, China has published 23 relevant rules of this standard which mainly covered household appliances, luminaires, industrial and commercial facilities and transportations. This year, the standard may also cover office equipment area. At the moment, the developing criteria includes household appliance (microwave, electric water heater and induction cooker) industrial equipment (industrial boiler and power transformer) and commercial equipment (refrigeration display cabinet). Even the standard implementation of previous areas has not reached the minimum standard of five-year national reviewed standard, revision plan has launched with the purpose of gradually improving products’ energy efficiency level and adapting the new requirements of energy-saving. It is worthy noting that the energy efficiency standard of terminal energy-using products will be expanded to the office equipment area, for instance, copy machine, printer and computer display.
Standard of key energy consuming industries’ energy measurement equipment allocation and management requirement. In 2006, China National Standardizing Committee (CNSC) published a national compulsory standard which is named General principle for equipping and managing of the measuring instrument of energy in energy-consuming organizations. It is a revise and extension to the standard. The new standard not only expanded to the area of institutions, administrative organizations and social communities, but also transferred from national recommendatory standard to national compulsory standard. This standard makes an adjustment to energy measurement equipment allocation and energy measurement equipment’s accuracy, which aims to make the computation work better in energy-saving. According to the arrangement of AQSIQ and General Administration of Quality Supervision Measurement Department. This year, the 6 high energy consuming industrials, which include petroleum and petrochemical, nonferrous metals, steel, building materials, electricity and chemical industry, will successively formulate the national standard of energy measurement equipment allocation and management requirement; the general rule and standard will be detailed in key energy consuming industries.
National standard of the general principle in key energy consuming industries’ energy conservation standard system. Aixian Li explained that this standard is a key energy conservation standard project which was introduced by CNSC, and it works in all industries and deals with the problems of no basis, systematism and norm for enterprises’ energy conservation standardization. Through the guidance of energy conservation system, enterprises can understand comprehensively about the policies, rules, standards and related energy-saving technology, therefore it can promote the enterprises’ capacity of energy-saving management.
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