|Chinese to English: 清宮的鍍金技術與用途（research paper）|
|Source text - Chinese|
|Translation - English|
With the conquest of Zhungaria in 1758, the Qing Empire expanded considerably. How the empire ruled different peoples across its large territory has aroused much interest amongst historians in recent years. The Qianlong emperor (r. 1736-1796) endeavored to integrate political and religious power within the empire. The Potala Palace, the residence of the Dalai Lama, had been a religious center for the Mongols and Tibetans. In an effort to attract the Mongols to China on pilgrimage, Qianlong built resplendent temples after Tibetan style, with brass roof tiles and gilded artifacts.1 Gold plating already had had a long history in China, and during the Qing it made significant breakthroughs in materials and technology. This paper investigates the sophisticated process of manufacturing fire-gilded artifacts at the Qing court, and the Western and Tibetan influences on this technology.