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English to Chinese: Symmetry in Physics General field: Science Detailed field: Science (general)
Source text - English Symmetry in Physics
Science possesses a hierarchical structure, in which each of its various
hierarchy levels, or ‘sciences’, maintains a rather independent existence.
The science of chemistry, for instance, can operate largely within
its own framework, without reference to other sciences. Similarly for biology,
physics, psychology, and sociology, as examples. However, when
explanations are required from outside any particular science, such explanations
have very well defined directions, which impose order in the
hierarchy of the sciences.
Extrachemical explanations about chemical phenomena come only
from physics and from no other science. When an explanation for a biological
effect is required from outside biology, its source invariably
lies either in chemistry or in physics, or possibly in both, and not in
any other science. The science of mind, psychology, is more and more
obtaining extrapsychological explanations from biology. Extrasociological
explanations for sociological phenomena come from psychology.
Physics, alone among the sciences, has no need for any of the other
sciences to explain anything within its purview.
Thus a hierarchy exists, in which physics can be pictured at the
bottom, in foundation position, chemistry just above physics, biology
lying above chemistry, psychology above biology, and sociology on top
of psychology. Every level obtains explanations solely from lower levels.
Thus, all explanations from one science to another eventually reach
physics and physics is therefore the most fundamental science.
Great understanding of English language and Western Culture. Excellent bilingual skills in both traditional and simplified Chinese. Earned a bachelor degree on Applied Physics in Rutgers, New Brunswick,NJ. An present graduated student in China University of Geoscience in Beijing, majored in Geophysics. Good at technical and cultural translations between Chinese and English.