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Translation - English National College Entrance Examination (NCEE) : improvement rather than abolishment
As the NCEE which had been suspended for 11 years resumed in 1977, the fate of a whole generation has been changed completely since then.
It has been 30 years since the NCEE backed to normal. A forum named The 30th Anniversary of The Resumption of NCEE by The Ministry of Education was hold in Dongguan Guangdong from March 27 to 28, and the participating experts and scholars pointed out that the resumption of NCEE was not just a simple resumption of exam system, but it was a reconstruction of social equity and justice. Improvement rather than simple abolishment should be given to the NCEE system when we promote educational reforms and development.
Credits for the resumption of NCEE
According to statistics of the Ministry of Education approximately 36,000,000 students have had their tertiary education since the resumption of NCEE. And large quantities of talents have been revealed as well for the past 30 years since the resumption of NCEE. There has been a major jump of university admission rate for the past 30 years In 1977, the registered population for exam is about 5,700,000 and the enrolment population is approximately 270,000, therefore, the enrolment rate is approximately 4. 7%; However, in 2006, the registered population is about 9,500,000, and the enrolment population is approximately 5,400,000, and the enrolment rate is approximately 56. 85%; Besides, the student number of enrolment as planted in 2007 has reached up to 5,700,000. By the end of 2006, China has realised its popularization of higher education as the net admission rate of tertiary education had reached to 22%.
Jiagan Dai, the Director of examination centre for Ministry of Education, pointed out that the achievement of these results was closely connected to the resumption of NCEE, which provided an equal development opportunity for people from different classes, allowing them to compete fairly at the same starting point. What’s more, the value of fairness and justice had been reshaped as well; The resumption of NCEE had laid the foundation for educational reform and development, making positive influence on the national social and economic construction. Therefore, its important and profound impact could not be underestimated.
Gang Jiang, deputy director of the university student division of the ministry of education said that we gradually established an enrolment test system which applied to Chinese national condition, and it was mainly based on unified examinations, supplemented by individual examinations and test-free delivery of a small number of students. NCEE has made great contribution for our university to select talented people, and it obtained the whole society's high approval by its scientific nature, fairness and authority. The practice proved that the application of NCEE was the most economical, highly effective and reasonable means to guarantee the enrolment quality, maintain education equity and satisfy the masses to accept higher education in the face of insufficient education investment and imbalanced education resources in our vast territory.
The ongoing reforms
Various sounds of appraisal and criticize have been heard by people since the resumption of NCEE. Especially nowadays, 30 years since the resumption of NCEE, some people insist that “education will be restless unless NCEE be reformed”, moreover, some people even propose to “abolish NCEE”; Besides, some people advocate that NCEE does not need to do “the major surgery”.
Facing various of discussions and appraisals, Jiagan Dai points out that no matter how people make comments about it, there is a matter that is objective: NCEE reforms are carrying on continuously, and the exploration has never been stopped. From the standardized test experiment to the trial of recommended students for admission system; From the unification of university enrolment plan to the college expansion of enrolment; From the “3十X” exam mode which sets emphasis on ability to Beijing, Anhui Spring College Entrance Examination; From the university independent recruitment of students to the self-proposition by partial provinces and cities and so on. The reforms are continuously advancing. Especially in recent years, the reforms are moving forward in-depth with the implementation of “the sunlight project” in enrolment of students and the start of exam legislation in our country.
English to Chinese: Yulara, Northern Territory
Source text - English Yulara, Northern Territory
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Yulara (25°14′S 130°59′E) is an isolated town in the Southern Region of the Northern Territory, Australia. It lies as an unincorporated enclave within MacDonnell Region. At the 2011 census, Yulara had a permanent population of 887 on an area of 103.33 square kilometres (39.90 sq mi). It is 18 kilometres (11 mi) by road from world heritage site Uluru (Ayers Rock) and 55 kilometres (34 mi) from Kata Tjuta (the Olgas). It is located in the Northern Territory electorate of Namatjira and the federal electorate of Lingiari.
By the early 1970s, the pressure of unstructured and unmonitored tourism, including motels near the base of Uluru (Ayers Rock), was having detrimental effects on the environment surrounding both Uluru and Kata Tjuta. Following the recommendation of a Senate Select Committee to remove all developments near the base of the rock and build a new resort to support tourism in the Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park, the Commonwealth Government agreed in 1973 to relocate accommodation facilities to a new site outside the park. In 1976, the Governor General proclaimed the new town of Yulara, some 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from Uluru.
After the Northern Territory was granted Self Government in 1978, development of the new town became a major priority of the Northern Territory Government. Between 1978 and 1981, basic infrastructure (roads, water supply etc.) was built via the government's capital works program. In 1980 the government set up the Yulara Development Company Ltd to develop tourist accommodation, staff housing and a shopping centre. The first stage of the resort was built between 1982 and 1984 for the Northern Territory Government by Yulara Development Company Ltd., at a cost of A$130 million. The resort was designed by Philip Cox & Associates and won the Royal Australian Institute of Architects (RAIA) Sir Zelman Cowen Award in 1984.
When the new facilities became fully operational in late 1984, the Commonwealth Government terminated all leases for the old motels near the Rock, and the area was rehabilitated by the National Parks Service (now called Parks Australia). Around the same time, the national park was renamed Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa, and its ownership was transferred to the local Indigenous people, who leased it back to the Parks Australia for 99 years.
There were originally three competing hotels, but that detracted from the viability of the enterprise, and the company (and indirectly the government) incurred massive operating losses. Between 1990 to 1992, the competing hotel operators were replaced by a single operator, the government-owned Investnorth Management Pty Ltd. In 1992, the government sold, through open tender, a 40% interest in the Yulara Development Company and, therefore, the resort, to a venture capital consortium.
In 1997, the entire resort was again sold by open tender to General Property Trust, which appointed Voyages Hotels & Resorts as operator. Voyages operated all aspects of the resort, with the exception of the post office (Australia Post) and the bank (ANZ). Almost all residents of the town rented their housing from Voyages, but the government leased some housing for its employees. Most residents are either workers in the resort or tour operators. In 2011, the resort was sold again to the Indigenous Land Corporation which operates the resort under its subsidiary, Voyages Indigenous Tourism Australia.
The nearby Connellan Airport makes it possible to reach the area in a few hours from Sydney, Melbourne, Alice Springs or Cairns, compared to five hours by car from Alice Springs, the nearest major town, 428 kilometres (266 mi) northeast.
The resort is served by one major road, the Lasseter Highway, which links it to surrounding roads and landmarks. The Lasseter Highway is currently being expanded in the area to help with the tourism traffic flow. The sealed Lasseter Highway extends east to meet the Stuart Highway. The roads in other directions are not so well maintained or travelled. The Great Central Road leads west and southwest into Western Australia, but is generally only suitable for high clearance four-wheel drive vehicles. Transit permits from Aboriginal Land Councils are required to travel west of Kata-Tjuta.
Yulara has a dry and arid climate, with little rain and a high mean average temperature.
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