Translation - English National College Entrance Examination (NCEE) : improvement rather than abolishment
As the NCEE which had been suspended for 11 years resumed in 1977, the fate of a whole generation has been changed completely since then.
It has been 30 years since the NCEE backed to normal. A forum named The 30th Anniversary of The Resumption of NCEE by The Ministry of Education was hold in Dongguan Guangdong from March 27 to 28, and the participating experts and scholars pointed out that the resumption of NCEE was not just a simple resumption of exam system, but it was a reconstruction of social equity and justice. Improvement rather than simple abolishment should be given to the NCEE system when we promote educational reforms and development.
Credits for the resumption of NCEE
According to statistics of the Ministry of Education approximately 36,000,000 students have had their tertiary education since the resumption of NCEE. And large quantities of talents have been revealed as well for the past 30 years since the resumption of NCEE. There has been a major jump of university admission rate for the past 30 years In 1977, the registered population for exam is about 5,700,000 and the enrolment population is approximately 270,000, therefore, the enrolment rate is approximately 4. 7%; However, in 2006, the registered population is about 9,500,000, and the enrolment population is approximately 5,400,000, and the enrolment rate is approximately 56. 85%; Besides, the student number of enrolment as planted in 2007 has reached up to 5,700,000. By the end of 2006, China has realised its popularization of higher education as the net admission rate of tertiary education had reached to 22%.
Jiagan Dai, the Director of examination centre for Ministry of Education, pointed out that the achievement of these results was closely connected to the resumption of NCEE, which provided an equal development opportunity for people from different classes, allowing them to compete fairly at the same starting point. What’s more, the value of fairness and justice had been reshaped as well; The resumption of NCEE had laid the foundation for educational reform and development, making positive influence on the national social and economic construction. Therefore, its important and profound impact could not be underestimated.
Gang Jiang, deputy director of the university student division of the ministry of education said that we gradually established an enrolment test system which applied to Chinese national condition, and it was mainly based on unified examinations, supplemented by individual examinations and test-free delivery of a small number of students. NCEE has made great contribution for our university to select talented people, and it obtained the whole society's high approval by its scientific nature, fairness and authority. The practice proved that the application of NCEE was the most economical, highly effective and reasonable means to guarantee the enrolment quality, maintain education equity and satisfy the masses to accept higher education in the face of insufficient education investment and imbalanced education resources in our vast territory.
The ongoing reforms
Various sounds of appraisal and criticize have been heard by people since the resumption of NCEE. Especially nowadays, 30 years since the resumption of NCEE, some people insist that “education will be restless unless NCEE be reformed”, moreover, some people even propose to “abolish NCEE”; Besides, some people advocate that NCEE does not need to do “the major surgery”.
Facing various of discussions and appraisals, Jiagan Dai points out that no matter how people make comments about it, there is a matter that is objective: NCEE reforms are carrying on continuously, and the exploration has never been stopped. From the standardized test experiment to the trial of recommended students for admission system; From the unification of university enrolment plan to the college expansion of enrolment; From the “3十X” exam mode which sets emphasis on ability to Beijing, Anhui Spring College Entrance Examination; From the university independent recruitment of students to the self-proposition by partial provinces and cities and so on. The reforms are continuously advancing. Especially in recent years, the reforms are moving forward in-depth with the implementation of “the sunlight project” in enrolment of students and the start of exam legislation in our country.
Years of translation experience: 5. Registered at ProZ.com: Apr 2018.