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English to Chinese: Chiko Roll General field: Other Detailed field: Cooking / Culinary
Source text - English Chicko Roll
The Chiko Roll was developed by Frank McEncroe, a boilermaker from Bendigo, Victoria, who turned to catering at football matches and other outdoor events. In 1950, McEncroe saw a competitor selling Chinese chop suey rolls outside the Richmond Cricket Ground and decided to add a similar product to his own line. McEncroe felt that the Chinese rolls were too flimsy to be easily handled in an informal outdoor setting and hit upon the idea of a much larger and more robust roll that would provide a quick meal that was both reasonably substantial and easily handled. The result was the Chiko Roll, which debuted at the Wagga Wagga Agriculture Show in 1951.
In the 1960s, McEncroe moved to Melbourne with his family where he began to manufacture the rolls with the use of an adapted sausage machine. As the product became more popular, McEncroe moved his production to a larger factory in the suburb of . He later merged his business with a local company called Floyd's Iceworks to form Frozen Food Industries Pty Ltd. The new company went public in 1963.
By 1965, most Australian takeaway restaurants, especially milk bars and fish and chip shops carried Chiko Rolls, with the marketing slogan "Grab a Chiko" signifying the ease with which shop owners could take a Chiko Roll from the freezer and put it into a fryer, usually add a sauce and slide it into its own trademarked bag. At the height of their popularity in the 1970s, 40 million Chiko Rolls were being sold Australia-wide each year and more than one million were exported to Japan.
Since 1995, the Chiko brand has been owned by Simplot Australia. All Chiko Rolls are now manufactured in Bathurst, New South Wales, on a specifically designed machine that produces the pastry and filling at the same time in long rolls. They are then automatically sliced and then the distinctive ends are folded.
Increasing competition in the Australian takeaway food market in recent decades has seen a decline in the profile of the Chiko Roll, with consumption down to 17 million per annum in 2011. However, they remain a popular snack at sporting events and are still widely available at fish and chip shops and supermarkets across Australia.
In September 2016 a disagreement in the NSW Parliament over the origins of the Chiko Roll occurred. NSW National's MP Andrew Gee, Labor’s Member for Bendigo Lisa Chesters and Member for Riverina Michael McCormack all claimed the snack originated in their respective hometowns.
To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the creation of the Chiko Roll the current manufacturer presented gold plated replicas to Bendigo and Wagga Wagga cities.
In October 2016 Karratha resident Mark Habermehl cooked a meat pie and a Chiko Roll on a barbeque in an attempt to avoid washing dishes. The event made the local newspaper and prompted a nomination for Australian of the Year, recognising the 'Australian-ness' of his choice of cuisine, selection of cooking device and ingenuity.
Translation - English Northeast Asia Should Learn from European Integration
If there is a region that shares the most histories and cultures, it must be Northeast Asia. China, Japan, South Korea and other Northeast Asian countries find themselves in extremely similar cultures, as evidenced by their common or similar traditional cultures and even festivals. In recent years, China has become Japan’s biggest trade partner. And Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao’s recent visit to South Korea also puts Free Trade Zone on top of the agenda. Northeast Asia has seen more and more positive factors arising as a result of the regional demands for economic and cultural development.
However, disturbing factors do exist in the collective development of the region. And the biggest barrier to building strategic trust is the still-high costs of history and geopolitics.
Historically, although China and South Korea have made their demands and China-Japan relations have improved since Japanese Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe, took office, it does not mean that the historical costs between China and Japan have decreased. Meanwhile, geopolitical costs also play a part in impeding national relations with remaining disputes over territories and Exclusive Economic Zones between China and Japan, China and South Korea.
But it is worth noting that the similarly-high costs in history and geopolitics cause no essential damage to European integration. On the contrary, a community of shared interest has developed and matured on this continent of frequent wars, resentments and disputes, and complicated security issues. The tremendous influence of European Union in international affairs is actually one benefit of this integration. Therefore, it is not impossible to lower the historical and geopolitical costs.
In fact, there is no Structural contradictions among Northeast Asian countries. So, the key lies in whether they can realize the damage caused by stiff historical and geopolitical costs and whether they will prioritize Northeast Asia as a whole in their foreign policies. Admittedly, Northeast Asia faces a different reality, but they should sincerely draw from Europe’s experience in integration.
Premier Wen’s visit to South Korea shows that China has gradually made clear its attitudes and actions. Efforts have been made to put China-Japan and China-Korea relations in a bigger picture of Northeast Asia, incorporate their bilateral issues into this multilateral landscape, and organize necessary security, trade and cultural meetings. China has delivered its wishes to join hands and rise up to common challenges, which serve its interests and actions well. These efforts are aimed at better political, economic and cultural relations between China and South Korea, as well as a clearer understanding of the implications of China-Japan Strategic Relations of Mutual Benefits and the tasks required.
For Northeast Asia to develop, China and Japan, China and South Korea must trust and cooperate with each other. Despite the high costs, there is no insurmountable obstacle in the face of common interests. We must see that China, Japan and South Korea have taken three important seats in the Six-Party Talks to address denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. Japan has also prioritized its foreign policy to improve China-Japan relations after years of intimate economic relations yet distant political relations between the two nations. Nevertheless, these most immediate improvements might be temporary.
Most importantly, China, Japan and South Korea must establish a long-term negotiation mechanism to define the category of their reciprocal relations and discuss the unavoidable historical and geopolitical issues in the development of Northeast Asia.
Although an open region to the rest of the world, Northeast Asia concerns mostly to its own countries and people. Hence, be it China, Japan or South Korea, they must address reginal issues before they march into the world.
Master's degree - Xiamen University
Years of translation experience: 4. Registered at ProZ.com: May 2018.