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English to Chinese: ASME B30.11-2004 Monorails and Underhung Cranes General field: Tech/Engineering Detailed field: Engineering: Industrial
Source text - English SECTION 11-1.3 GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
11-1.3.1 Crane Runways and Monorail Tracks
(a) Crane runways, monorails, and supporting struc- tures shall be designed to withstand the loads and forces imposed by the cranes and carriers.
(b) The structure shall be free from detrimental vibra- tions under normal operating conditions.
(c) Track sections shall be installed with splices to ensure proper alignment of the surface and sides of the load-carrying flange.
(d) Runway tracks shall be spaced to be compatible with the span and design of the crane.
(e) Where curves are required, special design will be necessary.
(f ) Where change in elevation of the track is required, special design will be necessary.
(g) Stops shall be provided at the ends of the carrier or crane travel to prevent the carrier or crane from inad- vertently coming off the track or contacting an obstruc- tion. Stops shall be provided at open ends of tracks, such as at interlocking crossovers, track spurs, track openers, and track switches. Stops shall resist impact forces of a fully loaded carrier or crane traveling at 50% of the rated full-load speed.
11-1.3.2 Track Supports
(a) Crane runways or monorail tracks shall be fas- tened to a supporting structure.
(b) All clamps, hanger rods, bolts, or other suspension fittings and supporting structures shall be designed to withstand the loads and forces imposed by the cranes or carriers. Hanger rods shall be installed plumb within the manufacturer ’s tolerances.
(c) Where multiple hanger rods are used at a suspen- sion point, consideration should be given to the unequal load induced in the rods.
(d) Means shall be provided to restrain the track against damaging lateral and longitudinal movement.
(e) Where the track is suspended from hanger rod assemblies, restraining means shall be provided to pre- vent the hanger rod nuts from backing off the hanger rods.
English to Chinese: The Lean Entrepreneur General field: Bus/Financial Detailed field: Business/Commerce (general)
Source text - English We think of The Lean Entrepreneur as a field guide because it is designed to be brought into the field, whether that is your office, the local co-working space, your client’s place of business, or the local coffee shop as you surf cyberspace, planning your conquest. Whereas a traditional naturalist field guide helps outdoorsmen identify the plants and animals of a certain geography, our field guide will help you identify concepts and ideas in the geography of innovation. At first blush, some of these ideas may not appear to be applicable to your business, but with an open mind and a spirit of creativity, we will demonstrate how these concepts can and will radically reshape how you bring products to market and, ultimately, to your business.
The Lean Entrepreneur is a book of synthesis, of recombination, and, we hope, of inspiration. It is a synthesis in that we will show where several pre-existing ideas about how to innovate, which initially appear to be virtual islands strewn across a sea, actually share connections and complement each other. And if we have done this well, a larger, more complete, and more comprehensive map of the changes coming and how to innovate now will have emerged for you.
As Henry Ford recombined existing technologies from different domains (interchangeable parts, the assembly line, the electric motor) into a wholly novel and disruptive set of innovations resulting in the manufacture and distribution of the first durable, mass-market automobile, we hope to inspire vis-à-vis our interpretations of several big ideas, which will result in a new approach that scales well for disruptive innovators and entrepreneurs, from small, value-producing businesses to the Fortune 500.
The product development methodologies and innovation frameworks espoused by The Lean Entrepreneur are heavily influenced by truly big thinkers, such as Steve Blank and Eric Ries, creators of Customer Development and The Lean Startup, respectively. However, other, rather similar, innovation methodologies such as design thinking and discovery-driven planning also exist.
All the aforementioned frameworks tend to be driven by principle, rather than by a set of cut-and-dried tactics, and are typified by iterative, customer-centric, data-informed approaches resembling the scientific method; and we, as natural-born bricoleurs, happily borrow from ideas that we deem appropriate as well as discard or ignore what we deem unhelpful.
Translation - Chinese 我们认为《精益创业家》是一本现场指南，因为其设计初衷就是让你带进现场，不管是在你办公室、当地的共同工作室、你客户的营业场所，还是你网上冲浪、制定你的征服计划时的当地咖啡店。传统自然主义者的野外指南帮助常在野外活动的人识别某个地理环境的动植物，而我们的现场指南帮助你识别创新领域里的概念和想法。乍一看，其中一些想法可能不适合你的业务，但本着开放的思想和创新的精神，我们会证明这些概念能够而且也会从根本上改变你将产品投入市场、并最终融入你业务的方式。
Translation - English According to the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC for short), a child refers to “every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child.” Convention on the Rights of the Child was officially implemented in China on April 1, 1992. Therefore, the “child” in the related studies of this chapter is defined as the group under 18 years old.
With the implementation of China’s family planning policy, the proportion of Chinese children to the total population has been falling. Take the data of China’s census as an example, in the 5th census held in 2000, children aged 0-18 years accounted for 29.65% (compiled by Population Census Office of the State Council, and Population, Social Science and Technology Statistics Division of National Bureau of Statistics, 2002) of the total population, while in the 6th census held in 2010, children only took up 17.87% (compiled by Population Census Office of the State Council, and Population and Employment Statistics Division of National Bureau of Statistics, 2012) - the ratio of children to the total population decreased by nearly 12% in a decade. Accordingly, the number of children in a family has also reduced, which has provided possibility for the household to give more sufficient care and nurture for the children. In the meantime, with the development of urbanization in China, factors such as social pressure, population mobility etc. also bring great impact to the households, and child care and nurture is confronted with new challenges and crises.
Child Nutrition and Health
With the development of China’s social economy, the material living condition of Chinese households has also been improved gradually, and the increasingly rich food supply has created a good condition for the improvement of children’s nutrition and health. The level of children’s growth has been on the rise, and the condition of malnutrition has been on a decline; in particular, the average growth of urban children has reached or even exceeded the standard of the World Health Organization, close to the average growth level of their peers in developed countries. Meanwhile, on the other hand, due to the unreasonable household dietary structure and the limited activity amount of the children, overweight and obesity have also been a problem of urban children; in the meantime, in China’s rural areas, especially in the remote poverty-stricken areas, the nutritional status of the children is in urgent need to be improved.
Child Nutritional Status Improved with the Change of Household Food Consumption Structure
Household food consumption structure is one of the criteria reflecting the material living condition of a family, and an important source of child nutrition as well. With the development of social economy, great changes have taken place in the food consumption structure of Chinese households, and the nutritional status of children has also been dramatically improved.
Household intake of protein-rich food increases and that of grains decreases. According to related data in China Statistical Yearbook, great changes took place in the per capita annual amount of major foods bought by Chinese households between the two decades from 1990 to 2010: the amount of grains decreased remarkably, while that of milk or dairy products, meat, poultry and eggs, and fruit and vegetables increased significantly (NBS, 2013). Take urban households for example, the per capita annual consumption of grains reduced from 130.72 kg in 1990 to 81.53 kg in 2010; in contrast, that of fresh milk increased from 4.63 kg in 1990 to 13.98 kg in 2010 (see Figure 3-1).
Master's degree - Shanghai International Studies University
Years of translation experience: 10. Registered at ProZ.com: Jun 2018.