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Chinese to English: Scientific Method General field: Science Detailed field: Science (general)
Source text - Chinese 科學方法指的是檢查自然現象、獲取新知識或修正與整合先前已得的知識，所使用的一整套技術。為了合乎科學精神，這方法必須建立於收集可觀察、可經驗、可量度的證據，並且合乎明確的推理原則。梅里亞姆-韋伯斯特辭典如此定義：科學方法是一種有系統地尋求知識的程序，涉及了以下三個步驟：問題的認知與表述、實驗數據的收集、假說的構成與測試。科學方法是一種持續不停的過程，通常其最初步驟是仔細觀察大自然，人們天生就有一種摘三問四的習性，他們時常會對於周遭現象想出一些奇奇怪怪的問題，進而發展出一些假說來解釋這些問題。最好的假說會導致能被多樣檢試的預言。基於檢試的結果，被檢查的假說可能需要加以改善或遭到毅然駁回。這整個循環，從預測、檢試到改善，可能會重複多次，甚至會無限期地重複，直到假說被改善到能夠給出預測符合檢試的數據，這時，就可宣布一個科學理論出爐了。科學方法即是適切的驗證方法，所以在完整科學研究，以科學態度由動機發起，目的求其「真｣、「實｣、「存」、「在」之結果，於科學精神透過科學的過程方法，最後結果證實或證明。也就是說科學性強調的，係為過程與結果互為的真實程度。
Translation - English Scientific Method is a set of techniques for testing natural phenomena, obtaining new knowledge, or revising and integrating prior knowledge. In light of scientificity, this method needs to be built upon the collection of observable, empirical, and measurable evidence as well as clear logic principles. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines it as such: Scientific Method is a set of "principles and procedures for the systematic pursuit of knowledge involving the recognition and formulation of a problem, the collection of data through observation and experiment, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses". Scientific Method is a continuous process. Usually the first step is attentive observation of the nature. As humans naturally tend to inquire into this and ask about that, they often come up with peculiar questions regarding phenomena in their surroundings, thereby developing some hypotheses to explain these problems. The best hypothesis would lead to a prediction that can be variably tested. Based on the test result, the tested hypothesis may need to be improved or flatly rejected. This entire cycle from hypothesizing, testing, to revision may be repeated many times or even indefinitely until the hypothesis is revised until it can produce provable test data, which is when a scientific theory can be pronounced. Scientific Method means an appropriate test method, whereby in complete scientific research motivated by a scientific approach a final conclusion is confirmed or proven in light of scientificity through scientific processes and methods with the purpose of seeking true and existent results. In other words, scientificity emphasizes on the relative truth of its process and outcome.
English to Chinese: 埃塞俄比亞國家青少年生育健康策略 General field: Medical Detailed field: Medical: Health Care
Source text - English Ethiopia is a country with an overwhelmingly young population. About 63% of the total population of Ethiopia is below the age of 25 years. Young people of ages 10–24 are the largest group to be entering adulthood in Ethiopian history. This cohort of young people makes up 25% of the total population (2007 Census). The health of young people is directly affected by the socio-cultural and economic context in which they live. Gender inequality, sexual coercion, early marriage, high levels of teenage pregnancy, unsafe abortion and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and AIDS, are among the sexual and reproductive health problem faced by many young Ethiopians. These are further complicated by limited access to reproductive health information and good quality adolescent and youth-friendly reproductive health services in the country. Being aware of the various interrelated and complex reproductive health problems that young Ethiopians face, the Government of Ethiopia has shown its commitment to improving the reproductive health status of young Ethiopians through issuing the National Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health Strategy (Federal Ministry of Health, FMOH 2007). Health workers have an important role in improving the reproductive health of young people in Ethiopia. As a community health practitioner, you can contribute to the improvement of the reproductive health of young people through various means. Young people have needs that are quite different from those of older people. Understanding their special needs is key to helping them. Providing them with the appropriate information and services, mobilising the community in support of adolescent and youth reproductive health programmes, and working with and for young people are the major interventions that you can focus on in your community.
Translation - Chinese 埃塞俄比亞有著龐大的青年人口，約63%的埃塞俄比亞人口為25歲以下，10-24歲的青少年是埃塞俄比亞史上最大邁向成年之群體，這群青少年構成總人口的25%（2007人口調查）。青少年的健康直接受他們所處的社會、文化和經濟處境影響，性別不平等、性暴力、早婚、高少女懷孕率、高風險墮胎及愛滋病毒和愛滋病等性傳染病是許多埃塞俄比亞青少年面臨的性及生育健康問題，國內生育健康知識及優良青少年生育健康服務的缺乏促使了這些問題更嚴重。關注到埃塞俄比亞青少年所面臨的各種複雜又息息相關的生育健康問題，埃塞俄比亞政府已承諾通過「國家青少年生育健康策略」改善埃塞俄比亞青少年的生育健康狀況（聯邦衛生部2007）。醫護人員在改善埃塞俄比亞青年人生育健康扮演重要角色，作為一個社區健康專員，你能以各種途徑為改善青年人的生育健康作出貢獻。年青人的需要與老年人的甚為不同，理解他們特殊的需要是幫助他們的關鍵，提供予他們適當的資訊及服務、動員社區支持青少年的生育健康計劃、並為著青年人與他們合作是你能專注在你的社區的介入行動。
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