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English to Chinese: CORRUPTION AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR
Source text - English Again, the many are more incorruptible than the few; they are like the greater quantity of water which is less easily corrupted than a little. The individual is liable to be overcome by anger or by some other passion, and then his judgment is necessarily perverted; but it is hardly to be supposed that a great number of persons would all get into a passion and go wrong at the same moment.
From Aristotle’s Politics, Book III Part X, 350 B.C.
Let’s imagine for a moment two people each running a different business. The first is a small shop owner who makes and sells pastries, cakes and other delectable treats to many satisfied customers, from local townsfolk to the many tourists that visit from spring to fall each year. He’s been in business for five pretty good years, but he’s starting to worry about the future. He’s noticed the health inspector is making more visits, unannounced, and asking the usual questions that lead up to the inevitable, subtle, and unspoken cash transaction, followed by a smile and topped off with a gratis espresso and slice of his renowned chocolate torte. Other officials were on the move too for some reason. The tax inspector had already made twice as many visits this year than last. And, just the other day the director from the local business licensing office unexpectedly stopped by. After small talk, complimentary cakes and ice cream, he mentioned that, “oh by the way,” our shop-owner-friend should stop by the licensing office soon to discuss some “irregularities” in the licensing papers he’d filed this year. This of course could mean only one thing more: yet another payment to keep his business “legal.” His “unofficial payments” to government officials this year would certainly double at this rate.
Translation - Chinese 人多不易腐败, 就像大量的水不容易被污染一样。个人很可能被愤怒或其他情绪控制而做出错误的判断, 但大批人同时陷入一种情绪并集体犯错是不太可能的。
摘自亚里士多德的 《政治学》第三卷第十章， 公元前350年