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English to Japanese: Active suspension: translated in Japanese with direct translation way. General field: Tech/Engineering Detailed field: Automotive / Cars & Trucks
Source text - English What is active suspension, and how does it differ from traditional suspension?
When we refer to a traditional or a conventional suspension system, we mean a system that comes “as is.” In other words, a conventional system is a passive system. Once it’s been installed is the car, its character changes very little.
This has certain advantages and disadvantages. On the plus side, the system is very predictable. Over time, you will develop a familiarity with your car’s suspension. You will understand its capabilities and its limitations. On the down side, once the system has reached these limits, it has no way of compensating for situations beyond its design parameters. Thus shock absorbers bottom out, struts overextend, springs respond sluggishly, torsion bars get tweaked.
An active suspension system, on the other hand, has the capability to adjust itself continuously to changing road conditions. It “artificially” extends the design parameters of the system by constantly monitoring and adjusting itself, thereby changing its character on an ongoing basis. It’s schizophrenic, if you will, but with a purpose. With advanced sensors and microprocessors feeding it information all the time, its identity remains fluid, contextual, amorphous. By changing its character to respond to varying road conditions, active suspension offers superior handling, road feel, responsiveness and safety.
Active suspension systems (also known as Computerized Ride Control) consist of the following components: a computer or two (sometimes called an electronic control unit, or ECU, for short), adjustable shocks and springs, a series of sensors at each wheel and throughout the car, and an actuator or servo atop each shock and spring. The components may vary slightly from manufacturer to manufacturer, but these are the basic parts that make up an active suspension system.
As mentioned above, active suspension works by constantly sensing changes in the road surface and feeding that information, via the ECU, to the outlying components. These components then act upon the system to modify its character, adjusting shock stiffness, spring rate and the like, to improve ride performance, drivability, responsiveness, etc.
Translation - Japanese アクティブ・サスペンションとは何か、そして従来品とどのように違うか
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