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Sample translations submitted: 2
English to Chinese: Economics General field: Science Detailed field: Economics
Source text - English As a science, economics follows the scientific method.
Hypotheses are developed from observations, and are tested to ensure validity (usually in economics this simply involves more observation).
For results to be valid, an hypothesis must be capable of predicting an outcome more than once.
Economists are usually involved in theoretical economics and use their observation of facts to interpret them in a meaningful way.
They use cause and effect relationships to establish economic theories or principles.
Over time, a theory or principle may become accepted as universally true, at which point it becomes a law.
A law is generally always considered to be true.
A caveat to all of this is that all economic theories, principles, and laws are generalizations or abstractions.
They simplify the actual picture, even more so because of ceteris paribus.
A law, though almost always true, may prove false under special circumstances.
Like other social sciences, economics cannot apply universal rules because humans sometimes act irrationally.
English to Chinese: Post Production of a Movie General field: Art/Literary Detailed field: Cinema, Film, TV, Drama
Source text - English Writing, (re)recording, and editing the soundtrack.
Adding visual special effects - mainly computer-generated imagery (CGI) and digital copy from which release prints will be made (although this may be made obsolete by digital-cinema technologies).
Sound design, sound effects, ADR, foley and music, culminating in a process known as sound re-recording or mixing with professional audio equipment.
Transfer of colour motion picture film to video or DPX with a telecine and color grading (correction) in a color suite.
The post-production phase of creating a film usually takes longer than the actual shooting of the film, and can take several months to complete because it includes the complete editing, colour correction and the addition of music and sound.
The process of editing a movie is also seen as the second directing because through post-production it is possible to change the intention of the movie.
Furthermore, through the use of color grading tools and the addition of music and sound, the atmosphere of the movie can be heavily influenced.
For instance a blue-tinted movie is associated with a cold atmosphere and the choice of music and sound increases the effect of the shown scenes to the audience.
Post-production was named a "dying industry" by Phil Izzo.
The once exclusive service offered by high end post-production facilities have been eroded away by video editing software that operates on a non-linear editing system (NLE).
As such, traditional (analogue) post-production services are being surpassed by digital, leading to sales of over $6 billion annually.