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Translation - English Oscar 2017, Lion: A Long Way Home Uncover the missing children cases in India, description of universal kinship successfully draws tears.
Times Exclusive On the nominee list of the 89th Annual Academy Awards, Lion is not the hottest one. It has fewer nominations than La La Land, it is not as topical as Moonlight, and it is not even as ‘smart’ as Manchester by the Sea, a blue-collar literary film with healing story. In terms of popularity, for Chinese audience, it is not more wellknown than Arrival and Hacksaw Ridge, which are not Oscar favorites but achieved commercial success.
However, despite the scant attention it draws compared to other films, Lion bagged six Oscar nominations with a lowprofile, including Best Picture、Actor in a Supporting Role、 Actress in a Supporting Role 、 Cinematography 、 Music(original score) and Writing(adapted screenplay). In Golden Globe Award earlier this year, Lion is also nominated for Best Motion Picture and Best Original Score. Besides, Dev Patel and Nicole Kidman won the Best Supporting Actor and Actress-Motion Picture. What also worth noticing is that Dev Patel scored BAFTA nomination for Best Actor in a Supporting Role as well. Considering that, his nomination for Best Supporting Actor adds suspense to the Oscar winner list.
Lion, based on the best seller A Long Way Home by Saroo Brierley, tells of a autobiographical tale of author himself. Boy Saroo got lost in India when he was five, and was adopted by an Australian couple after several setbacks. 25 years later, adult Saroo found his original hometown in Google Earth and then returned to meet his mother. Unlike Moonlight and Hidden Figures, Lion does not highlight the sharp topics about race and gender. To some extent, it caters the typical taste of conservative Oscar. It is fairly precise about Immigration topic and symbiotic relationship between Third World and Western Developed Countries. It focuses on missing children cases through real experience at a higher point of view. It shows humanitarian spirit and its description of universal kinship successfully draws tears from audience. Above all, it can be said that it ticks all the right boxes.
English to Chinese: Photosynthesis General field: Science Detailed field: Biology (-tech,-chem,micro-)
Source text - English Photosynthesis is the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds.
It would be impossible to overestimate the importance of photosynthesis in the maintenance of life on Earth. If photosynthesis ceased, there would soon be little food or other organic matter on Earth. Most organisms would disappear, and in time Earth’s atmosphere would become nearly devoid of gaseous oxygen. The only organisms able to exist under such conditions would be the chemosynthetic bacteria, which can utilize the chemical energy of certain inorganic compounds and thus are not dependent on the conversion of light energy.
Translation - Chinese 光合作用是指绿色植物或某些微生物将光能转换为化学能的过程。其中，绿色植物能够收集光能，并利用光能将水、二氧化碳和无机物转化为氧气和富含能量的有机化合物。
English to Chinese: Agricultural policies and support of the OECD countries General field: Bus/Financial Detailed field: Economics
Source text - English In 2007, the level of producer support in the OECD area (as measured by the percentage Producer Support Estimate, %PSE) was 23%, meaning that support policies provided somewhat less than one quarter of farmers’ gross receipts in OECD countries. The %PSE fell for the third consecutive year, from 28% in 2005 and 26% in 2006. In the longer term, the %PSE declined to 26% in 2005-07, down from 37% in 1986-88. This is the lowest level observed since OECD began estimating producer support in 1986.
The overall reduction in price support also meant a smaller burden of agricultural support borne by consumers. As a percentage of consumption expenditure (measured at the farm gate) the Consumer Support Estimate (the %CSE) fell virtually everywhere in the OECD area. High world market prices resulted in a narrower domestic-to-border price gap, leading to a smaller CSE at the time when consumers in many countries are experiencing pressure on household budgets as food prices soar. A lower CSE simply means that the share of consumer food costs that result from government price support policies has fallen, not that consumer expenditures are lower.
Total support to the agricultural sector, combining producer support (the PSE), support for general services to agriculture such as research, infrastructure, inspection, marketing and promotion, as well as subsidies to consumers, was equivalent to 0.97% of OECD GDP in 2005-07, down from 2.49% in 1986-88. The reduced burden of agricultural support on the overall economy is characteristic of all OECD countries and is primarily a reflection of the falling share of agriculture in their GDP, although agricultural policy reform has also contributed.
Translation - Chinese 2007年，OECD地区的生产者补贴占农户总收入（即生产者补贴估价百分比，简写为%PSE）的23%，也就是说，OECD国家农业生产者们拿到的补贴不到其总收入的四分之一。生产者补贴估价百分比这三年来持续走低，从2005年的28%到2006年的26%再到如今。较长期来看，该比例从1986-88年的37%降至2005-07年的26%，为1986年开始记录以来的最低值。
In 2013, I attended a top 15 university in China, Shandong University, for a BA in English. After the 3-year-study, I became an exchange student at Swansea University and studied for another year in MA Translation and Interpreting. During this years, I have been a volunteer translator and reviser in an online translation group for about two years, translated and revised over 10 novels from English into Chinese. I also have professional translation experience in News and business fields. In addition, I am an experienced gamer of all kinds of video games, and therefore good at localization in this field.
Keywords: Literature, Economy, News, Video Game, localization