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Translation - English Farming/Agriculture is the biggest single cause of the worst air pollution in Europe, says a new study, which found that drifting clouds of compounds from nitrogen-based fertilisers and animal waste/livestock and poultry manure are combining with burnt fossil fuel to pose a major threat to human health.
The research confirms the findings of other recent studies that identified air pollution from farming as a major cause of particularly bad bouts of smog seen in cities such as London and Paris.
The new research, which was carried out by the Earth Institute at New York’s Columbia University and published this week in Geophysical Research Letters, poses major challenges to governments in developing countries, where the growing demand for meat and dairy products has greatly stimulated the development of fertiliser-intensive agriculture and prompted a huge increase in the release of livestock and poultry wastes.
“To assist policy makers, it is important to connect the chemical composition and severity of particular pollution to its sources…In many densely-populated areas, aerosols formed from gases that are released by fertiliser application and animal husbandry, being the major source of smog, dominate over the combined contributions from all other anthropogenic [manmade] pollution,” the report’s authors said in a foreword.
It added that emissions from agriculture combine with the heavy pollution from cars, power stations, factories and construction sites to producing a highly-toxic soup that is a major cause of PM2.5. These tiny particles, if breathed deep into the lungs, would be extremely harmful to human health.
Years of translation experience: 2. Registered at ProZ.com: Jul 2018.
Perry XIE is a part-time tutor at SIIT, specialised in teaching Advanced Diploma of Translation (Chinese into English) course. He holds NAATI accreditation in professional translation for Chinese into English direction, TAE Certificate IV, also being a NSW JP and a Commonwealth-registered Civil Celebrant. He graduated from University of Technology Sydney with a Bachelor of Laws and a Graduate Diploma in Legal Practice, and then proceeded to be admitted as a Solicitor of the NSW Supreme Court in 2011. With experience in Australian national commercial insurance & finance industry since 2007, he is currently working full-time as a corporate expert in landlord protection, strata insurance and public liability areas. In translation practice, Perry has committed himself to working as a supplier translator with a few law firms in NSW for translating legal and commercial documents from overseas. He has always maintained his native level communication skills in both English and Mandarin.
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