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Source text - Chinese 【摘要】目的 探讨以胸痛为主要表现的胃食管反流病的病因、临床特点及诊治方法。方法 选择我院近年来诊治的16例已排除心源性及食管器质性病变的胸痛患者,对其发病原因、临床特点、诊断、治疗方法及治疗效果进行回顾性分析。结果 经抗反流治疗2-4周后,其中9例(56.25%)胸痛及胃食管反流症状完全消失, 5例（31.25%）用药后明显缓解, 1例（6.25%）无效，总有效率达93.75%。结论 胃食管反流病病因复杂、临床表现多样易误诊漏诊，必要的辅助检查结合质子泵抑制剂试验性治疗是确诊本病的关键。
Translation - English Abstract: Objective approach to the pathogenesis, clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with chest pain as primary manifestation. Method a retrospective analysis on 16 patients with chest pain excluded of cardiac or esophageal structural disease. Result after 2-4 weeks anti-reflux therapy, 9 among which completely relieved of chest pain and reflux, 5 (31.25%) significantly relieved, and only 1 (6.25%) without any improvement, the total efficacy is 93.75%. Conclusion the complicated pathogenesis and clinical manifestation of GERD can easily be misdiagnosed, its key diagnostic procedure is necessary examination combined with proton pump inhibitor experimental treatment.
Key words gastroesophageal reflux disease chest pain clinical characteristics
Chinese to English: 长期饱食的人大脑更容易早衰
Source text - Chinese 日本科学家最近的一项研究发现：长期饱食的人大脑更容易早衰。
Translation - English A recent research from Japanese scientists revealed that people who overeat frequently have a higher risk of early deterioration of brain.
It is said that long-term overeating brought too much calorie into body, which leads to fat excess and high blood fat, resulting the increase of a substance called “fibroblast growth factor”, inducing the scleratheroma of brain arteries, reducing the oxygen and nutrition supply for brain, therefore drop of memory, mental retardation and brain deterioration would be expected.
5 reasons to stuff your stomach full
1. Daily habits
The amount of food and drink is related with the daily habit of a person, some people tend to overeating, not because of hungry, and it’s just for a habit from long-term lifestyle.
Both eating too fast and overtime could result in overeating. It is hard too control your appetite against favorite food also serves as an important reason.
3. Attention diversion
People would eat 1 or 2 hours if they eat together or thinking of something else. Eating continuously and with attention distracted into chatting or other things, people would have a slower response to bellyful, which results overeating in the meantime.
Besides, if people eat too fast, the speed surpasses the signal speed of bellyful, although they have eaten enough, but the brains haven’t got the signal, so the eating continues and leads to overeating.
5. Lust for delicacy
In daily life, we also have such an experience that although we don’t feel hungry, but with delicacy on the table, we just can’t help to eat a little more, thus results overeating.
English to Chinese: Low Childhood IQ Tied to Risk of Later Mental Disorders
Source text - English Children with lower IQ have an increased risk of developing schizophrenia, depression, generalized anxiety disorder and other psychiatric problems as adults, a new study that spanned more than three decades shows.
Lower childhood IQ was also associated with more persistent depression and anxiety, as well as an increased risk of having two or more psychiatric diagnoses by age 32, say researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health. The findings were published online Monday and in the January print issue of The American Journal of Psychiatry.
The study included more than 1,000 New Zealand children born in 1972. They were initially assessed at age 3 and interviewed and tested on their overall health and behavior multiple times until they reached age 32. Their IQs were assessed at ages 7, 9 and 11, and psychiatric disorders were assessed at ages 18 through 32.
The researchers found no link between lower childhood IQ and substance dependence, simple phobia, panic disorder, or obsessive-compulsive disorder.
While the actual mechanism that increases the risk of certain psychiatric disorders in people with a lower IQ as children isn't known, there are a number of possible explanations, study author Karestan Koenen, an assistant professor of society, human development and health at Harvard, and colleagues wrote in a university news release.
Lower childhood IQ may indicate a difference in brain health that makes a person more vulnerable to certain disorders, the researchers suggested. Or it may be that people with lower childhood IQ are less able to cope with the complex challenges of modern life, and therefore may be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems.
The findings may help improve treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders.
"Since individuals with persistent and multiple mental disorders are more likely to seek services, cognitive ability may be an important factor for clinicians to consider in treatment planning," Koenen said in the news release. "For example, individuals with lower cognitive ability may find it harder to follow instructions and comply with treatment regimens. By taking clients' cognitive ability into account, clinicians may improve treatment outcome."
The study may also prove useful in prevention efforts.
"Educators and pediatricians should be aware that children with lower cognitive ability may be at greater risk of developing psychiatric disorders. Early detection and intervention aimed at ameliorating mental health problems in these children may prevent these problems from carrying over into adulthood," Koenen said.
Translation - Chinese 一项持续了超过30年的新研究表明,IQ较低的儿童成年后出现精神分裂症、抑郁症、泛化性焦虑症以及其它精神疾病的可能性更高。
English to Chinese volunteer translator
Please be sure to use a translator with solid medical background for you medical related projects. Medical documents are life-concerned, making accuracy and error-free as its top priority. Such translation not only requires linguistic talent, but also solid medical knowledge.
I worked as an active linguist and a medical researcher in Chongqing, mainland China. As a researcher, I've published 2 articles in major scientific journals focusing medicine. The publications are one from Elsevier's journal Medical Hypotheses, and the other one on Wiley's Human Brain Mapping. The in-depth knowledge of medicine is the very reason that I ‘ve got good reputation from various agencies.
For Translation expertise:
I am the Chinese Language Lead of medical project for Wikipedia, through this channel, we aim to provide people with medical knowledge that is clear and easy to understand.
Professional medical English translator with 6 years experience and licensed physician of PR China.
Regarding my interpretation expertise, I received First award of Chongqing municipal of the 2008 “CCTV Cup” English speaking contest. and First Prize in National College English Contest in 2006.
Concerning education and employment, I received Master of Medicine (3rd Military Medical University, China 2008/9 – 2011/6）and worked as both radiologist and licensed physician in Southwest hospital of China (2007- now) and a Reviewer of Translators' Without Borders (2010- now)