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Sample translations submitted: 4
English to Thai: Chemistry General field: Science Detailed field: Chemistry; Chem Sci/Eng
Source text - English Creating Coatings for Better Buildings
Three fluoropolymer resins are commonly used in coatings. They are polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and polyvinyl fluoride (PVF). The differences in performance and processing among these materials begin with their structure.
The most significant property of PVDF-based coatings is their outstanding exterior durability.
The exceptional weatherability is a result of the strength of the carbonfluorine bond (116 kcal/mol), which is one of the strongest chemical bonds known. The bond strength provides a chemically inert coating, with complete resistance to UV light degradation. UV radiation is one of the major causes of deterioration of a coating exposed in the atmosphere. In addition to exterior durability, these resins also have several intrinsic properties that are ideally suited to produce coatings with desirable properties. These are summarized in Table 2 and are discussed in the following sections.
One method that can accurately evaluate the exterior durability of coatings is actual outdoor exposure. Accelerated weathering methods, such as QUV and xenon or carbon-arc weatherometers, are useful for screening materials under controlled conditions, but are not a substitute for actual outdoor weathering. QUV and carbon arc weathering tests are regularly conducted to screen variables, and detect extreme anomalies in a coating formulation.
However, outdoor-exposure data is used to determine the true properties of a coating.
About 5,000 samples of Kynar 500-based coatings and other architectural coatings are currently on exposure in Miami and Phoenix. These samples are comprised of materials coated on commercial coil-coating lines and spray lines, along with samples prepared in the laboratory. Miami and Phoenix represent extreme conditions of UV radiation, heat and humidity. These samples consistently demonstrate that PVDF-based coatings have excellent color and gloss retention, low chalking, and maintain overall coating integrity. Also, some outdoor exposure series were initiated several years ago to provide a direct comparison of these coatings to other architectural coatings. Figure 4 and Figure 5 give gloss-retention and color-change data of Kynar 500-based coatings vs. these competitive coatings. In Figure 4, the competitive coatings were removed from exposure after 11 years, because they were badly deteriorated.
English to Thai: Telecommunications General field: Science Detailed field: Telecom(munications)
Source text - English “In less than twenty years, mobile telephones have gone from being rare and expensive pieces of equipment used by businesses to a pervasive low-cost personal item. In many affluent countries, mobile phones now outnumber land-line telephones, with most adults and many children now owning mobile phones. It is not uncommon for young adults to own simply a cell phone instead of a land-line for their residence, even in the U.S. where mobile phone use is less prevalent than other industrialized countries. Mobile phone penetration is increasing around the world; this is particularly true of developing countries, where there is little existing fixed-line infrastructure. With high levels of mobile telephone penetration, a mobile phone culture has evolved, where the mobile phone becomes a key social tool, and people rely on their mobile phone address book to keep in touch with their friends. Many people keep in touch using SMS, and a whole culture of "texting" has developed from this.”
English to Thai: Video Games - 1 General field: Marketing Detailed field: Games / Video Games / Gaming / Casino
Source text - English It's already become difficult to remember the former majesty of the Gothicus Royal Castle, where it all began.
On that fateful day, all the peasants, nobility and fairies gathered together to celebrate the union of their King and his beloved darling.
Struck by sudden illness, the beautiful bride succumbed to the senseless malady and died on what should have been the happiest day of their lives.
Racked by sorrow and pain, the King refused to accept that death could separate them. Disregarding his trusted council, he practiced the darkest of arts to traverse the divide between life and death with unspeakable rituals.
And when the darkness awoke, evil flooded over the land. The King's betrothed snatched a dagger and plunged it deep as the King cried out. His anguish can still be heard as it echoes throughout the devastated human and fairy worlds. It is said that the King is the only one who can right the wrong that he unleashed.
English to Thai: Video Games - 2 General field: Marketing Detailed field: Games / Video Games / Gaming / Casino
Source text - English Character A: Jones, I've been feeling weird since that accident. It's almost like I'm floating above the world... looking down on things.
Character B: Well, after we lost Jericho, you hit your head pretty hard.
Character A: Yeah... Right. That must be it.
Character B: Finish your cup of Joe and then I'll take you to a shrink.
Character A: I'm not crazy. This is real.
Character B: Ok, you're creeping me out now. No more talk about this, or I'm checking you in.
Character A: Fine.
Character B: But, hmm. I bet you can see down a fine lookin' lady's blouse from up there, am I right?