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Medical: Health Care
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English to French - Rates: 0.02 - 0.08 USD per word / 7 - 32 USD per hour English to Portuguese - Rates: 0.02 - 0.08 USD per word / 7 - 32 USD per hour French to Portuguese - Rates: 0.02 - 0.08 USD per word / 7 - 32 USD per hour Portuguese to French - Rates: 0.02 - 0.08 USD per word / 7 - 32 USD per hour
2 projects entered 1 positive feedback from outsourcers
Translation Volume: 2797 words Duration: Sep 2013 Languages:
French to Portuguese
15 pages Labs and Medical Exams
Medical: Health Care
Website localization Volume: 3900 words Duration: Oct 2013 to Feb 2014 Languages: English to French
Ongoing Participation in Localization of ProZ.com Website in French
I currently help to localize ProZ.com in French. I participated also in term coordination.
Alltogether, it's a nice experience.
The interface is user-friendly.
The team members and team leaders are very nice to work with and supportive.
English to French: Treatment Outcomes among Patients with Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis General field: Medical Detailed field: Medical: Pharmaceuticals
Source text - English All patients met the definition for infection with XDR TB (Table 2). For second-line drug testing, all studies reported testing results for at least ofloxacin and kanamycin. Drug-susceptible concentration cutoffs reported were consistent across studies. The majority of the studies did not include HIV-infected patients. The mean age of subjects ranged from 30.5 to 47.5 years. The mean number of drugs to which isolated organisms were resistant ranged from 5 to 10.5. All patients reportedly were treated for XDR TB under close supervision, in hospital settings or on an ambulatory basis. In all 13 studies, patients received at least 12 months of therapy after culture conversion. The mean number of drugs included in the XDR TB treatment regimens ranged from 3.6 to 7.4, and the mean number of “likely active drugs,” as reported in 8 studies, ranged from 1.9 to 5.3. The percentage of patients receiving a latergeneration fluoroquinolone ranged from 0 to 91.5, the percentage of patients receiving linezolid ranged from 0 to 100, and the percentage undergoing surgery ranged from 4 to 60.
The definition of cure varied among the studies (Table 2). Nine of the 13 studies followed the current World Health Organization standard definition of at least 5 consecutive negative cultures during the last 12 months of treatment . One study required 3 negative cultures and no clinical evidence of TB at the end of therapy ; one study required treatment completion plus 1 negative culture ; and 2 studies from the United States reported only treatment completion and did not provide any data on microbiological status at the end of therapy [18, 28].
To date, XDR TB treatment outcomes have been examined only in small, observational studies. We used meta-analysis to summarize these findings, reporting on 13 studies that included 560 patients. The proportion of patients who experienced favorable outcomes ranged from 18% to 67%, and the percentage of patients who received a later-generation fluoroquinolone was significantly associated with the proportion with favorable outcomes. We found that a cohort in which all patients received later-generation fluoroquinolones would have a 40% increase in favorable outcomes, compared with a cohort in which no patients received later-generation fluoroquinolones. Although this finding is potentially confounded by age, it nevertheless raises an important clinical question, since it suggests that the addition of a later-generation fluoroquinolone, even in the presence of representative fluoroquinolone resistance, might significantly improve outcomes. Moreover, this is an intervention that can be implemented and assessed immediately.
Translation - French Tous les patients répondaient à la définition de l'infection par tuberculose UR (tableau 2) En ce qui concerne les tests des antituberculeux mineurs, toutes les études ont indiqué des résultats d'essai pour au moins l'ofloxacine et la kanamycine. Les seuils de concentration engendrant une sensibilité aux médicaments étaient consistants dans toutes les études. La majorité des études n'ont pas inclus les patients infectés par le VIH. L’âge moyen des sujets s’étendait de 30,5 à 47,5 ans. Le nombre moyen de médicaments auxquels des organismes isolés étaient résistants s’étendait de 5 à 10,5. D’après les données, tous les patients ont été traités pour tuberculose UR sous vigilance accrue, en milieu hospitalier ou sur une base ambulatoire. Dans chacune des 13 études, les patients ont reçu au moins 12 mois de thérapie après que les résultas de cultures soient redevenus négatifs. Le nombre moyen de médicaments inclus dans les schémas thérapeutiques contre la tuberculose UR s’étendait de 3,6 à 7,4 et le nombre moyen de médicaments potentiellement actifs, comme rapporté dans 8 études, s’étendait de 1,9 à 5,3. Le pourcentage de patients recevant une fluoroquinolone de dernière génération s'étendait de 0 à 91,5 , le pourcentage de patients recevant du linezolide s’étalait de 0 à 100 et le pourcentage de ceux subissant un traitement chirurgical s’étalait de 4 à 60.
La définition de guérison variait en fonction des études (Tableau 2). Neuf des 13 études suivaient la définition standard actuelle de l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé d’au moins 5 cultures négatives consécutives au cours des 12 derniers mois de traitement . Une étude requerrait 3 cultures négatives et aucun signe clinique de tuberculose à la fin du traitement ; une étude a requerrait le suivi complet du traitement plus 1 culture négative ; et deux études aux Etats-Unis n’ont rapporté que le suivi complet du traitement et n’ont fourni aucunes données en rapport avec le statut microbiologique à la fin du traitement [18, 28].
À ce jour, les résultats de traitements contre la tuberculose UR ont été examinés seulement dans des études observationnelles, d’envergure restreinte. Pour compiler ces résultats se rapportant à 13 études incluant 560 patients, nous avons utilisé la méta-analyse. La proportion de patients ayant présenté une issue favorables s’étendait de 18% à 67%, et le pourcentage de patients ayant reçu un traitement par fluoroquinolone de dernière génération a été associé significativement à la proportion de ceux ayant présenté une issue favorable. Nous avons découvert qu’une cohorte de patients ayant reçu un traitement par fluoroquinolone de génération récente présente une augmentation de 40% d’issues favorables, comparé avec une cohorte de patients ou aucun n’a reçu de traitement par fluoroquinolone de dernière génération. Bien que ce résultat soit potentiellement confondu par l’äge, il soulève cependant une importante question clinique vu qu’il suggère que l’addition d’une fluoroquinolone de dernière génération, même en présence d’une résistance aux fluoroquinolone représentative, peut améliorer significativement l’issue. De plus, c’est une intevention qui peut être mise en place et évaluée sur-le-champ.
English to French: Laparoscopic Gallbladder Surgery for Gallstones found on site "web md" General field: Medical Detailed field: Medical (general)
Source text - English Laparoscopic Gallbladder Surgery for Gallstones
Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery (cholecystectomy) removes the gallbladder and gallstones through several small cuts (incisions) in the abdomen. The surgeon inflates your abdomen with air or carbon dioxide in order to see clearly.
The surgeon inserts a lighted scope attached to a video camera (laparoscope) into one incision near the belly button. The surgeon then uses a video monitor as a guide while inserting surgical instruments into the other incisions to remove your gallbladder.
Translation - French Chirurgie Laparoscopique de la vésicule biliaire pour cause de calculs biliaires
La chirurgie laparoscopique de la vésicule biliaire (cholécystectomie) permet le retrait des calculs biliaires de la vésicule biliaire au travers de peites ouvertures (incisions) de l'abdomen. Le chirurgien gonfle votre abdomen avec du gaz carbonique pour mieux y voir.
Le chirurgien insère une sonde optique éclairée reliée a une caméra (laparoscope) dans une incision près du nombril. Le chirurgien utilise ensuite un moniteur vidéo pour se guider alors qu'il insère des instruments chirurgicaux par les autres incisions pour retirer votre vésicule biliaire.
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English to French
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Medical: Health Care
Keywords: English, French, Translation, interpretor, medical, voiceover, localization, http://www.fi2nco.my.proz.com, acne, acyclovir, addiction, alcoholism, aloe vera, alprazolam, Ambien, antioxidant, anxiety, Ativan, Candida, Celebrex, Celexa, Cialis, Cipro, ciprofloxacin, codeine, Darvon, dental, detox, detoxification, diabetes, diazepam, doxycycline, drug, fibromyalgia, Flexeril, Fosamax, , Glucophage, growth hormone, health care, heartburn, impotence, lead, Librium, Lipitor, lorazepam, medication, meridian, paradox, paroxetine, Paxil, pharmacy, prescription, Prevacid, Prozac, psoriasis, psychic, Retin-A, Ritalin, sildenafil citrate, soma, Valium, Viagra, Vioxx, vitrectomy, Wellbutrin, Xanax, Zocor, Zoloft, Word
part of speech Meaning Example, sentence abnormal, adj not normal for the human body This amount of weight loss is abnormal, for women your age. ache, noun/verb pain that won't go away I can't sleep because my knees ache in the night. acute, dj quick to become severe/bad We knew the baby was coming right away because the woman's labour pains were acute, allergy, noun allergic, adj a body's abnormal reaction to certain foods or environmental substances (eg causes a rash) Your son is extremely allergic to peanuts. ambulance, noun emergency vehicle that rushes people to a hospital We called the ambulance when Josh stopped breathing. amnesia, noun a condition that causes people to lose their memory I can't remember the accident because I had amnesia. amputation, noun amputate verb permanent removal of a limb We had to amputate his leg because the infection spread so quickly. anaemia, noun
anaemic, adj occurs when the body doesn't have enough red blood cells I have low energy because I am anaemic. antibiotics, noun medication that kills bacteria and cures infections My throat infection went away after I started the antibiotics. anti-depressant, noun medication that helps relieve anxiety and sadness The anti-depressants helped me get on with life after Lucy died. appointment, noun a scheduled meeting with a medical professional I've made you an appointment with a specialist in three week's time. arthritis, noun a disease that causes the joints to become swollen and crippled My grandmother can't knit anymore because the arthritis in her hands is so bad. asthma (attack), noun a condition that causes a blockage of the airway and makes it difficult for a person to breathe I carry an inhaler when I run because I have asthma. bacteria, noun a disease-causing organism To prevent the spread of bacteria it is important that nurses wash their hands often. bedsore, noun wounds that develop on a patient's body from lying in one place for too long If you don't get up and take a walk, you will develop painful bedsores. benign, adj not harmful (not cancerous) We're hoping that the tests will show that the lump in your breast is benign. biopsy, noun removal of human tissue in order to conduct certain medical tests The biopsy ruled out a number of illnesses. blood count noun the amount of red and white blood cells a person has You will be happy to know that your blood count, is almost back to normal. blood donor, noun a person who gives blood to a blood bank or other person Blood donors have to answer questions about their medical history. blood pressure, noun the rate at which blood flows through the body (high/low) High blood pressure puts you at risk of having a heart attack. brace, noun a device that holds injured body parts in place You will probably always have to wear a brace on your ankle when you jog. breech, adj position of an unborn baby in which the feet are down and the head is up We thought it was going to be a breech birth, but the baby turned himself around. broken, adj a bone that is divided in two or more pieces as a result of an injury We thought it was just a sprain, but it turned out his leg was broken. bruise, noun
bruised adj injured body tissue that is visible underneath the skin The woman was badly bruised when she came into the emergency room. Caesarean section, C-section
noun procedure that involves removing a baby from its mother through an incision in the woman's lower abdomen The baby was so large that we had to perform a Caesarean section. cancer noun disease caused by the uncontrollable growth of cells There are many different options when it comes to treating cancer. cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), noun restoring a person's breath and circulation You saved your brother's life by performing CPR. cast, noun a hard bandage that is wrapped around a broken bone to keep it in place My leg was in a cast for graduation. chemotherapy
noun type of treatment used on cancer patients My mother has already had three rounds of chemotherapy, chickenpox, noun a virus commonly contracted by children, characterized by itchy spots all over the body It is best to get chickenpox as a child so that you don't get it worse as an adult. coroner, noun a person who determines the cause of death after a person dies We only call the coroner if we think a death is suspicious. critical condition, noun requiring immediate and constant medical attention You can't see her right now; she's in critical condition. crutches, noun objects that people with injured legs or feet use to help them walk I'd rather hop on one foot than use crutches. cyst, noun a sac in the body-tissue filled with fluid (sometimes diseased) We're going to remove the cysts just to be on the safe side. deaf, adj unable to hear The accident left the patient both deaf and blind. deficiency, noun a lack of something necessary for one's health The tests show that you have an iron deficiency. dehydrated, adj in need of water It is easy for the elderly to become dehydrated in this heat. dementia, noun loss of mental capacity It is hard to watch a loved one suffering with dementia. diabetes, noun type of disease typically involving insulin deficiency People with diabetes have to constantly check their blood sugar levels. diagnosis, noun medical explanation of an illness or condition The doctor would prefer to share the diagnosis with the patient himself. discomfort, noun experiencing pain This pain medication should relieve some of your discomfort. disease, noun a medical disorder that is harmful to a person's health I understand that this disease runs in your family. dislocated, adj when a bone is temporarily separated from its joint You will have to wear a sling because of your dislocated shoulder. emergency, noun a medical problem that needs immediate attention It is important that children know which number to dial in case of an emergency. ER (emergency room), noun the hospital room used for treating patients with immediate and life-threatening injuries The child was rushed into the ER after he had a severe allergic reaction to a bee sting. external, adj on the outside This cream is for external use only. Do not get it near your ears, eyes, or mouth. false negative, noun adj a test that incorrectly comes back negative We had two false negative pregnancy tests, so we didn't know we were having a baby. family history, noun medical background of a person's family members The doctor was concerned about my family history of skin cancer. fatal, adj causing death The doctor made a fatal error when he wrote the wrong prescription. fever, noun feverish, adj higher than normal body temperature He is very feverish, and his temperature is near danger point. flu (influenza), noun many types of respiratory or intestinal infections passed on through a virus People who have the flu should not visit hospital patients. fracture noun
fractured, adj broken or cracked bone Your wrist is fractured and needs a cast. germ, noun a micro-organism, especially one that causes disease Flowers are not allowed in the ward to avoid the risk of germs being brought in. genetic, adj a medical condition or physical feature that is passed on in the family The disease is part genetic and part environmental. growth, noun a ball of tissue that grows bigger than normal, either on or under the skin That growth on your shoulder is starting to worry me. heart attack, noun instance in which blood stops pumping through the heart People who smoke are at greater risk of having a heart attack. HIV, noun the virus that infects the human T-cells and leads to AIDS HIV can be passed down from the mother to her fetus. hives, noun bumps that appear on the surface of the skin during an allergic reaction I broke out in hives after I ate that potato casserole. illness, noun, ill adj general term for any condition that makes a person feel sick for a certain period of time Her illness, went away when she started eating better. immune system, noun the parts of the body that fight diseases, infections, and viruses You can't have visitors because your immune system is low. immunization, noun immunize, verb an injection that protects against a specific disease Babies are immunized, three times in their first year. incision, noun cut in the body made during surgery I had to have stitches to close the incision. inconclusive, adj unclear We have to do more x-rays because the first ones were inconclusive. infant, noun young baby The nurse will demonstrate how to bathe an infant. infection, noun infected, adj diseased area of the body (viral or bacterial) The wound should be covered when you swim to prevent it from becoming infected. inflamed, adj appearance (red and swollen) of an injured body part My right ankle was so inflamed it was twice the size of my left one. injury, noun damage to the body Her injuries, were minor; just a few cuts and bruises. intensive care unit (ICU), noun section of the hospital where patients get constant attention and doctors rely on specialized equipment She will remain in the ICU until she can breathe on her own. internal, adj under the skin, inside the organs The doctors will be monitoring her for any internal bleeding, . itchy, adj feeling discomfort on the skin's surface If you are allergic to this medication your skin will get red and itchy. IV, noun a tube that pumps liquids and medication into a patient's body The toddler was so dehydrated that the doctor decided to get him on an IV. lab results, noun tests that come back from a laboratory and help doctors make a diagnosis The lab results have come in and you are free to go home. lab (laboratory), noun place where samples of blood/urine etc. are taken for testing I'll take these samples down to the lab on my way out. life support, noun a machine that keeps patients alive by helping them breathe The woman has severe brain damage and is currently on life support. life-threatening, adj when injuries and conditions are extremely serious The victim was shot in two places but the bullet wounds are not life-threatening. light-headed, adj feeling of dizziness and being off-balance, caused by lack of oxygen in the brain If you are feeling light-headed again, lie down and call me. malignant, adj expected to grow and get much worse (especially related to cancerous cells) I'm afraid at least one of the tumours is malignant. medical school (med. school), noun place where someone trains to be a doctor After eight years of medical school, I can finally practice medicine. newborn, noun an infant that is less than three months old You have to support her neck because she is still a newborn. numb, adj no feeling in a certain body part The needle will make your lower body feel numb. OR (operating room), noun the place where major surgeries and operations take place You must wear a face mask and gloves while you are in the OR. operation noun, operate on, verb a medical procedure that involves going inside a person's body in an attempt to fix a problem The operation, lasted seven hours, but it was successful. pain, noun strong discomfort in certain areas of the body We gave your husband some medicine to relieve some of the pain. pain killer, pain reliever, noun type of medicine that takes away some or all of the discomfort of an illness or injury You can take two pain killers every four hours. paralyzed, adj unable to move certain areas of the body We thought her legs were paralyzed for life, but she is learning how to walk. patient, noun a person staying in a hospital or medical facility The patients, in Room 4 are not getting along. pharmacist, noun a person who fills a doctor's prescription and gives people advice about medication Ask the pharmacist if there is a generic brand of this medication. pharmacy, drugstore, noun a place where people go to buy medication and other medical supplies You should be able to buy a bandage at the pharmacy. physician, noun doctor Ask your family physician to refer you to a specialist. poison, noun, poisonous, adj a substance that is very dangerous if it enters the human body The child was bitten by a poisonous snake. prenatal, , adj of the time period leading up to giving birth The woman was well prepared for labour because she took the prenatal classes, prescription noun, prescribe, verb the correct amount and type of medication needed to cure an illness or relieve symptoms You will need to visit your doctor to get another prescription. privacy, noun, private adj being alone; personal (eg test results) You will have to pay for a private hospital room if you don't want a room-mate. radiation, noun high energy X-rays that destroy cancer cells If the radiation doesn't kill all of the abnormal cells, the cancer will come back. residency, resident, noun part of a doctor's training that takes place in the hospital; a student working under a doctor John is a resident under Dr Brown. routine check-up, noun a doctor's appointment to check a person's general health I'd like to see you a year from now for a routine check-up. scrubs, noun plain uniform (usually green, white, or blue) worn by medical professionals I have some extra scrubs in my locker. scrub up, verb carefully wash hands before and after seeing a patient I have to scrub up and get ready for surgery. second opinion, noun input from a second doctor about an illness or symptom I went to another doctor to get a second opinion about these headaches. seizure, noun sudden violent movements or unconsciousness caused by electrical signal malfunction in the brain People who suffer from epilepsy are prone to seizures. shock, noun body not getting enough blood flow The woman was in shock after being pulled from the river. side effects, noun other symptoms that might occur as a result of a certain medication or procedure One of the side effects of antidepressants is a loss of appetite. sore, adj painful I have a sore throat and a runny nose. spasm, noun the uncontrollable tightening of a muscle Ever since I injured my leg I've been having muscle spasms, in my upper thigh. specialist, noun a doctor that is an expert in a certain kind of medicine My family doctor is sending me to a specialist. sprain, noun/verb an injury (less serious than a break) to a joint (ankle, wrist, knee etc) I sprained, my knee playing soccer. stable condition, noun a patient is stable if their medical condition is no longer changing rapidly You can see your husband now; he is in a stable condition. sting, noun/verb sharp, temporary pain It may sting when I insert the needle. stress, noun, stressed, adj worry that causes muscles to tighten and blood pressure to rise You need to take some time off work and relieve some of your stress. swelling, noun swollen, adj ligaments (parts that hold the joints together) growing bigger and rounder after an injury to a joint I knew my ankle was sprained because it was so swollen. symptoms, noun pain or physical changes that occur because of an illness or disease You have all of the symptoms of a diabetic. temperature, noun amount of heat measured in a body; higher than normal temperature We brought Jesse to emergency because he was running a (high) temperature. tender, adj painful when touched or used The incision was tender after the surgery. test results, noun medical information that helps doctors understand a patient's condition or body The test results came back negative. You aren't pregnant. therapy, noun treatment aimed at improving a person's mental or physical condition I was able to go back to work a few weeks after starting the therapy. transplant, noun moving of an organ from one human to another The heart transplant saved your life. ultrasound, noun a test that examines the body's internal organs and processes using sound waves (often used during pregnancies) The ultrasound shows that we are expecting a baby boy. umbilical cord
noun the lifeline from the mother to the fetus (when cut at birth this forms the belly button) I had an emergency C-section because the umbilical cord, was wrapped around the baby's neck. unconscious, adj alive, but appearing to be asleep and unaware of the surroundings I hit my head on the steering wheel and was still unconscious when the ambulance arrived. urine sample, noun a small amount of the body's liquid waste that is tested for different medical reasons The urine sample tells us how much alcohol is in your blood. vein, noun the thin tubes that transport blood around the body and back to the heart I'm just looking for the best vein in which to insert the needle. virus, noun a dangerous organism that causes the spread of minor and major diseases The virus is contractable through the exchange of bodily fluids. visiting hours, noun time of day when friends and family are allowed to visit patients in hospital I'm afraid you'll have to come back during visiting hours. vomit, noun/verb discharge of a person stomach contents through the mouth The pregnant woman can't stop vomiting, ward, noun a section of a hospital or health facility where patients stay I should warn you that we're entering the mental health ward. wheelchair, noun a chair on wheels used for transporting patients from place to place If you get in the wheelchair I'll take you down to see the garden. wound, noun, wounded, adj injury to body ("flesh wound" means not deep) The wounded soldiers are being airlifted to the hospital. x-ray, Angioneurotique
Angioplastie coronarienne transluminale percutanée
Angiosarcomatose de Kaposi
Anneau fibreux atrioventriculaire
Anneau fibreux du cœur
Anneau fibreux du disque intervertébral
Anneau vasculaire aortique
Anoplastie muqueuse postérieure
Antagoniste de la pompe à acide
Antagoniste de la pompe à protons
Antagoniste de la pompe ATPasique protons potassium
Antagoniste de la pompe H+ K+ ATPase
Antagoniste des récepteurs H2
Antre du cardia
Aphasie de Broca
Aphasie de conduction
Aphasie de Wernicke
Apophyse clinoïde antérieure
Apophyse clinoïde médiane
Apophyse clinoïde postérieure
Appareil de Golgi
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