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English to Chinese: TRANSLATORS IN A CHANGING CHINA 轉型期中國的翻譯界 General field: Social Sciences Detailed field: Linguistics
Source text - English In China, there are two new elements in the life of Chinese translators. One, there is now a burgeoning labour market in China and translators, like other professionals, can change jobs or take up second jobs which they could not do so easily before. Two, there is a much vaster translation market than ever before. This is a direct result of the government's more open trade policies, the economic boom, and the vastly increased scale of foreign investment in the country. Economic and cultural exchanges with other countries have multiplied, so that today the use of foreign languages has become a daily necessity for an increasing number of people. While English is being taught in secondary schools and universities, the majority of the population has difficulty in using languages other than Chinese. Consequently, translation is in great demand. And the fact that this demand far outstrips supply inevitably drives up the price of translation and interpretation.
Another important transformation in the Chinese translation world is the significant shift in the types of translation being done. This is a long-term trend which goes hand in hand with China's economic growth and modernization. Whereas formerly literary translators (many of whom are also language professors) were the elite of the translation community, today it is the science and technology translators and ethnic language translators who are the most numerous and active in translation associations.
Translation - Chinese 在中國從事漢語翻譯，增添了兩項新元素。新元素之一，就是隨着中國勞動市場日益蓬勃，翻譯員變得跟其他種類的專業人士一樣，轉職甚或兼職都比以往容易得多。新元素之二，就是翻譯市場規模比以往更為廣闊。翻譯市場得以擴展，都是政府進一步開放貿易政策、經濟暢旺、外資大幅湧入等因素所直接帶動。由於中國對外經濟及文化往來倍增，現時需要在日常生活中用上外語的人數不斷攀升。雖然國內的中學和高校都有提供英語課，然而大多數人口仍對掌握漢語以外的語種感到困難。於是乎，國人對翻譯的需求甚殷。由於翻譯及傳譯服務市場中求遠大於供，有關服務的收費亦難免相應提高。
English to Chinese: THE FIRST OF FOUR SEASONS 四季之首 General field: Social Sciences Detailed field: Tourism & Travel
Source text - English In Japan, as in many other countries of the temperate zone, a change of season occurs regularly – almost like clockwork -- every three months.
Springtime, the months of March, April and May, not only brings fresh green leaves and colorful flowers, but also promises students a new school year and recent graduates a new role as part of the workforce. There is a feeling of new beginnings in nature and in people's lives.
Japanese apricot blossoms are the first sign of the end of winter, but cherry blossoms are the true harbringer of spring. Families, friends and co-workers hold cherry-blossom-viewing parties to celebrate the beauty of their country's most loved flower.
Despite the commonly used expression the cold weather lasts only until the vernal equinox, Japan's spring is a repetition of warm and cold days. Almost without exception, during this season, cold days come after warm ones. Nature, it seems, is trying to jump onto spring, putting out and pulling back its head, impatiently waiting for the right time to make a full leap.
Translation - Chinese 日本跟很多同樣處於溫帶地區的國家一樣，季節轉換就像時鐘跳針一樣，進度有時，每三個月就換季。
Winston has extensive experience in translating, editing, and summarizing between English and Chinese. He began his career as a freelance subtitling translator for English-language programs on TVB, a major broadcaster in Hong Kong. He later worked as a translator for Ming Pao Daily, a prominent Chinese-language newspaper in the city, summarizing English news contents into Chinese. After working briefly as an editor with a boutique financial PR firm, Winston began his eight-year journey with the United States Consulate General in Hong Kong as a media specialist, translating and summarizing Mainland Chinese media contents (both print publications and social media postings) into English. After a sabbatical in Germany pursuing a Master in Public Policy, he worked as a policy research officer at Oxfam Hong Kong while volunteering with TED Conferences, now translating videos mostly from English to Chinese. To see his samples in TED (many of which are not reviewed and published yet), please refer to his Amara profile (username: ted_winston_szeto). Winston has also been volunteering to translate for Translators Without Borders and Amnesty International in Hong Kong. Winston was an associate member of the Society of Translators and Interpreters of British Columbia, Canada (English to Chinese, member no: 03-01-3624), and is currently a associate member of American Translators Association.
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