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English to Chinese: About Yulin Detailed field: Geography
Source text - English Yulin was once named “City of Forests”. It was built as a county capital in the 6th year of the reign of Emperor Yuanding of the Xihan Dynasty (111 B.C.). Yulin is now a city with profound Lingnan Culture since it has more than 2000 years of history as a county capital. It is the hometown of Wang Li, the famous contemporary linguist, and of Dang Hongxin, an important person in the projects of producing the atomic bomb, the hydrogen bomb and satellites, who was a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. It is also the hometown of Li Jingwen, a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the International European and Asian Academy of Sciences, the World Productive Force Academy of Science and the Chinese Academy of Engineering. With 12,838 km2 and a population of 5.9 million, it dominates Yuzhou District, Fumian District, Beiliu City, Rongxian, Luchuan County, Bobai County and Xingye County.
Translation - Chinese 玉林古称鬱林。西汉元鼎六年（前111年）始设鬱林郡，至今已有两千多年的州郡历史，积淀着深厚的“岭南文化”底蕴。是现代著名语言学家王力，中国“两弹一星”功臣、科学院院士党鸿辛，俄罗斯科学院外籍院士、国际欧亚科学院院士、世界生产力科学院院士、中国工程院院士李京文的故里。辖玉州区、福绵管理区、北流市、容县、陆川县、博白县和兴业县，总面积12838平方公里，总人口590多万。
English to Chinese: Workflow components Detailed field: IT (Information Technology)
Source text - English Workflow components
Single steps or components of a workflow can basically be defined by three parameters:
- input description
- transformation rules, algorithms
- output description
Components can only be plugged together if the output of one previous (set of) component(s) is equal to the mandatory input requirements of the following component. Thus, the essential description of a component actually comprises only in- and output that are described fully in terms of data types and their meaning (semantics). The algorithms' or rules' description need only be included when there are several alternative ways to transform one type of input into one type of output - possibly with different accuracy, speed, etc..
Especially when the components are non-local services that are invoked remotely via a computer network, like Web services, additional descriptors like QoS, availability, etc. have to be considered, too.
Translation - Chinese 流式工作方式的构成
如果之前输出的（即预先设置的）组成和之后输入的命令要求一致，这种构成就只能被结合在一起使用。因此，根据数据的类型和它们的定义（语义学），关于组成的基本定义实际上只包括输入和输出。而在一种输入类型转换成一种输出类型时，算法或规则则存在多种方法――可能是由于不同的计算精度和运算速度等原因。尤其当这些组成通过电脑网络调用遥远的非本地服务时，例如像网络服务、包含附加定义的服务质量QoS（Quality of Service）及可用性等问题也要考虑在内。
English to Chinese: High precision thin film deposition on large substrates Detailed field: Chemistry; Chem Sci/Eng
Source text - English High precision thin film deposition on large substrates
One of the major barriers met in thin film deposition is the ability to coat large dimension substrates whilst obtaining high precision results with mono or multi-layer depositions. The HiTUS plasma sputtering technology together with the Linear Target technology has demonstrated major improvements in desired results such as precision, uniformity, stress control from compressive to tensile with zero in between, and roughness on substrates measuring up to and over and above 50/60cm. The Linear Target also enables the development of a large area linear process with the same advantages as HiTUS for roll-to-roll or in-line processes.
English to Chinese: Pathology of Cirrhosis Detailed field: Medical (general)
Source text - English Pathology of Cirrhosis
Macroscopically, the liver may be initially enlarged, but with progression of the disease, it becomes smaller. Its surface is irregular, the consistency is firm and the color is often yellow (if associates steatosis). Depending on the size of the nodules there are three macroscopic types: micronodular, macronodular and mixed cirrhosis. In micronodular form (Laennec's cirrhosis or portal cirrhosis) regenerating nodules are under 3 mm. In macronodular cirrhosis (post-necrotic cirrhosis), the nodules are larger than 3 mm. The mixed cirrhosis consists in a variety of nodules with different sizes. Microscopically, cirrhosis is characterized by regeneration nodules, surrounded by fibrous septa. In these nodules, regenerating hepatocytes are disorderly disposed. Portal tracts, central veins and the radial pattern of hepatocytes are absent. Fibrous septa are important and may present inflammatory infiltrate (lymphocytes, macrophages) If it is a secondary biliary cirrhosis, biliary ducts are damaged, proliferated or distended - bile stasis. These dilated ducts contain inspissated bile which appear as bile casts or bile thrombi (brown-green, amorphous). Bile retention may be found also in the parenchyma, as the so called "bile lakes".
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