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Polish to English
English to Polish
Russian to Polish

Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.
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United States
Local time: 12:24 EST (GMT-5)

Native in: English Native in English, Polish Native in Polish
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I am a Ph. D. research physicist and a freelance translator among the English-Polish-Russian triad. While I was born in Poland and completed my secondary education there, my university degrees come from the US. Coming from a bilingual background, I am native in Polish and Russian and, having lived in the US for over 50 years, I am native in English. 
I am a Fellow the American Physical Society and of the International Society for Optics and Photonics with over 160 publications in refereed, international journals. I translated articles in physics and technical physics from Russian to English for the American Institute Physics. 
I have an avid interest in languages and, in fact, continue to learn French while, at the same time, teaching Polish, Russian, and English on a volunteer basis. I have wide interests in art, literature, science, technology, business, and politics and feel comfortable in all of these subjects


Ph.D., Theoretical Solid State Physics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH

B.S. in Physics with Honors, Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland, OH


Fellow of the International Society for Photonics and Optical Engineering (SPIE), 

Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS)


 I translated free-lance for the American Institute of Physics (1990-1994), translating Russian scientific journals into English The list of translated articles is shown below:

Afonenko, A. A.; Kononenko, V. K.; Manak I. S. (1993). "Bistable lasing in quantum-well lasers." Technical Physics Letters 19(5): 272-273.

Andrievskii, R. A.; Grebtsova, O. M.; Domashneva E. P.; Kiyanskii I. A.; Kurkin E.N.; Perel'Man V.E.; Sinitsyn V. I. ; Torbova O. D.; Torbov V. I. (1993). "Consolidation Of Ultra-Dispersed Titanium Nitride At High Pressures." Physics - Doklady 38(7): 308-309.

Antsiferov, V. V. (1993). "Radiation pulsations in solid-state lasers." Technical Physics 38(8): 677-682.

Antsiferov, V. V.; Baturin, V. A.; Dremin G. I.(1993). "Polarization-related angular anisotropy of the photo-neutralization of H - ion beams." Technical Physics 38(4): 275-278.

Avdeev, S. V.;Bulaev, S. M.; Galaev A. N.; Oblizin A. N.; Sil'Nov S. M.; Yatsenko B. P. (1993). "Ion emission produced by laser radiation of tens of microseconds duration." Technical Physics Letters 19(6): 342-343.

Boroditskii, M. L.; Garbuzov, D. Z.; Gorbachev A. Yu.; Il'Inskaya N. D.; Livshits D. A.; Mar'inskii D. N.; Rafailov É. U.; Stankevich A. L.; Tarasov I. S. (1993). "High-power single-mode buried InGaAsP/GaAs separate-confinement double heterostructure lasers." Technical Physics Letters 19(11): 696-698.

Chopik, A. V.; Gritsyuk, P. M.; Shtivel'man, K. Ya. (1993). "Resonant transverse differential conductivity of heavy holes in p-type diamond and silicon in fields E II H II [001]." Russian Physics Journal 36(8): 745-748.

Dubrovskii, V. V. and A. I. Egorov (1993). "A method for the use of the fast-Fourier transform for the analysis of quasiperiodic acoustic signals." Technical Physics Letters 19(10): 623.

Evstropov, V. V.; Zhilyaev, Yu. V.; Nazarov N.; Sergeev D. V.; Fedorov L. M. (1993). "Electrical and photoelectric properties of anisotypic GaP/Si heterostructures grown by gallium phosphide vapor-phase epitaxy." Technical Physics 38(12): 1057-1061.

Fedorovich, G. V. (1993). "Parametric excitation of crystalline structures as a possible cause of high-energy emissions." Technical Physics 38(10): 866-870.

Ganitmurov, A. G. (1991). "Rayleigh solution in the case of conducting and nonconducting media." Soviet Physics Doklady 36: 863.

Gerasimov, V. V.; Gerasimova, V. V.; Samoilov A. G. (1992). "Evaporation rate of metals in oxygen-containing media." Soviet Physics Doklady 36: 645.

Golovin, O. L.; Fayazov, R. F. (1993). "Reflecting properties of amorphous materials under the conditions of total external reflection." Technical Physics Letters 19(9): 554-555.

Gordienko, A. B.; Zhuravlev, Yu. N.; Poplavnoi A. S. (1992). "Energy band structure of silver azide (AgN3)." Russian Physics Journal 35(2): 130-132 

Guriev, A. I.; Deryagin, A. G.; Kuksenkov D. V.; Kuchinskii V. I.; Portnoi E. L.; Smirnitskii V. B.; Golikova E. G.; Duraev V. P. (1993). "Polarization switching in InGaAsP/InP distributed-feedback lasers with a strained active layer." Technical Physics Letters 19(12): 741-743

Ivanova, N. L.; Kamanina, N. V.; Komarov A. P.; Lupacheva A. N.; Nikitin V. V.; Onokhov A. P.; Savinov V. P. (1993). "Optimization of the dynamic characteristics of space-time light modulators with an a-Si:H photolayer." Technical Physics Letters 19(4): 216-218.

Kalandarishvili, A. G.; Kashiya, V. G. (1993). "The properties of cylindrical thermionic power converters with a collector based on polycrystalline niobium at high electrode temperatures." Technical Physics 38(6): 470-472.

Kirichenko, Yu. A.; Kozlov, S. M. ; Komarevskii, O. S.; Rusanov, K. V.; Tyurina, E. G. (1992). "Heat exchange during the boiling of helium on the surface of YBa2Cu3O7 HTSC-ceramic." Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics 62(1): 4-9.

Klopotov, A. A.; Tailashev, A. S.; Popov C. N.; Kozlov É. V. (1993). "Thermal effects of transformations B2 - Al in CuPd alloy." Russian Physics Journal 36(2): 128-132.

Korotenko, K. B. (1994). "Class of problems describable by Klein-Gordon equation within K-field approximation." Soviet Physics Journal 1: 86-88.

Korzhuev, M. A.; Svechnikova, T. E.; Milykh A.N. (1993). "Nonlinear I-V characteristics in copper-doped Bi2Tesingle crystals." Technical Physics 38(1): 37-39.

Kotov, V. M. (1993). "Acousto-optic frequency splitter-shifter for fiber-optic gyroscopes." Technical Physics Letters 19(8): 475-476.

Kotov, Yu. A.; Mesyats, G. A.; Rukin S. N.; Filatov A. L. (1993). "Solid-state current switch for the generation of nanosecond power pulses." Physics - Doklady 38(5): 229-230.

Lipnitskii, A. G.; Nikiforov, A. V.; Silkin V. M.; Chulkov E. V. (1991). "Relativistic electronic structure of the Pb (001) surface." Soviet Physics Journal 34: 888.

Lipovskii, A. A.; Khabarov, S. É. (1993). "Photoinduced absorption in sillenites." Technical Physics 38(2): 95-98.

Loginov, N. A.; Logunov, M. V.; Randoshkin V. V.; Zahin Yu. N. (1992). "On the thermal stability of dynamic properties of high-speed magneto-optic iron garnet films." Soviet Physics Technical Physics 36: 1182.

Logvinov, G.N. (1991). "Nonlinear voltage-temperature characteristics of submicron semiconductor layers." Soviet Physics Journal 34(10): 917-922.

Mirlin, D. N.; Sirenko, A. A. (1992). "Spin-flip light scattering in p-GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well structures in a magnetic field." Soviet Physics-Solid State 34(1): 108.

Nadirashvili, N. S. (1993). "Isoperiodic inequality for the fundamental frequency of a clamped plate." Physics - Doklady 38(10): 419-421.

Petrovskii, G. T.; Starostin, N. V. (1992). "Magnetic effects in bielectronic systems." Soviet Physics Doklady 37(7): 364-365.

Petrovskii, G. T.; Starostin, N. V.; Rodnyi P. A.; Ermakov L. K.(1992). "Intensities of core-valence and core-core transitions in alkaline-earth fluoride crystals." Soviet Physics Doklady 37(1): 48.

Poletika, I. M.; Borisov, M. D.; Khoroshkov, V. I. (1994). "Formation of the surface layer structure of electron-beam-doped steel." Russian Physics Journal 37(4): 381-385.

Polyakov, N. N. (1991). "Investigation of the electrical conductivity and Hall coefficient of anisotropic films and single films." Soviet Physics Technical Physics 36: 1240           

Prokhorov, A. M.; Tkachev, A. N.; Yakovlenko S. I. (1993). "The role of contaminating collisions during rare-isotope ion extraction from an atomic beam." Physics - Doklady 38(4): 158-159.

Razumova, M. A.; Khotyaintsev, V. N. (1993). "Computer modeling of dislocation electron states and the polarization properties of dislocation optical spectra in direct-gap semiconductors." Technical Physics 38(9): 778-781.

Riskiev, T. T.; Salikhov, T. P. ; Minadzhiev, D. Ya.; Suleimanov, C. Kh.; Baimatov, T. N.; Bugakov, A. G.  (1992). "Thermodynamic study of high-temperature superconductors YBa2Cu3Ox and Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy." Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics 62(1): 1-4.

Shunyaev, K. Yu.; Vatolin, N. A. (1993). "Thermodynamics of the mixing and melting of eutectic systems." Physics - Doklady 38(9): 391-393.

Sirota, N. N.; Popov, P. A.; Ivanov I. A.(1991). "Thermal conductivities and phonon mean free paths of some gallium garnets." Soviet Physics Doklady 36: 320.

Sirota, N. N.; Popov, P. A.; Sidorov A. A.; Kutukov V. I.; Moiseev N. V.; Egorov G. V.; Strelov V. I.;

Pugachev V. A.(1992). "Heat conductivity, heat capacity, elastic constants, and thermal expansion of doped gadolinium-gallium garnets." Soviet Physics Solid State 34: 111.

Sirota, N. N.; Zhalgesbekova, Zh. K. (1991). "Elastic stiffness constants of chalcopyrite from x-ray diffraction analysis." Soviet Physics Doklady 36: 780.

Solov'ev, I. A.; Zuev, A. V.; Samsonova E. A.; Kirillov V. N.(1992). "Data processing of steady-state thermophysical experiments while taking into account the error in all measured quantities." Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics 62(2): 219-224.

Tarasova, S. L.; Kotlyar, V. G.; Saranin A. A.; Khramtsova E. A.; Lifshits V. G. (1993). "Electron-stimulated nitridation of Si(100) in ammonia atmosphere." Technical Physics 38(11): 1010-1014. 

Varaksin, A. N.; Kolmogorov Yu. N. (1992). "Determination of vacancy migration volume in ionic crystals from electrical conductivity data on mixed crystals." Soviet Physics Solid State 34(1): 88-90

Vergasov, V. L. (1993). "The effect of selective imaging of a crystal structure and the possibility of its visualization." Technical Physics Letters 19(2): 79-80.

Vigdorovich, V. N., Kryukov V. L.; Furmanov G. L (1992). "Bulk generation and recombination of interstitial silicon atoms as factorsin impurity gettering." Soviet Physics Doklady 37: 436-439.

Vladimorov, V. S. (1993). "Adelic formulas for the four-point Veneziano and Virasoro-Shapiro amplitudes." Physics - Doklady 38(12): 486-489.

Volosyuk, V. K.; Kravchenko, V. F.; Krasnikov V. N. (1993). "Surface relief reconstruction from active remote sensing data." Physics - Doklady 38(1): 16-18.

Vsevolodov, N. N.; Gubanov, V. A.; Kotov V. B. (1993). "Orientation model for the photoinduced anisotropy of biochrome." Technical Physics 38(9): 790-794.

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