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| sharpaybailey |
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|English to Chinese: Dubai|
General field: Other
|Source text - English|
Dubai is unusual, in that its population comprises mainly expatriates, with UAE nationals (Emiratis) constituting the minority. Expatriates actually comprise over 90% of the population of Dubai with the majority of these individuals coming from South Asia and South East Asia. A quarter of the local population reportedly traces their origins to neighboring Iran. Dubai is also home to some 100,000 British and other Western expatriates. The UAE government does not currently offer any form of naturalization or permanent residence to expatriates, although recently some consideration has been given to providing such rights to long term Arab expatriates. That said, foreigners are permitted to purchase and own specifically-designated property without a local partner or sponsor ("freeholds," as described below).
People born in the United Arab Emirates receive the same nationality as their fathers. Thus those born in the UAE to expatriates are also considered to be expatriates.
Nearly all of the commercial establishments in Dubai are run by expatriates with a silent local partner who merely "rents" the business license for a negotiated annual fee without taking part in any capital investment. These business require the Emirati partner to hold 51% or more of the company's shares. There are also numerous free trade zones that allow full expatriate ownership.
There are an increasing number of villas and apartments in areas which allow expatriate property ownership such as the Palm Islands, The Greens, Dubai Marina, and International City). Ownership is either permanent or on a 99-year lease, depending on the area; freehold areas were announced in the press in July.2006. Ownership or lease of a completed residence allows the owner to apply for (but not guarantee) a residency visa on a three-year renewable basis. The Federal Government does not state whether foreigners may or may not own property and has left individual emirates to formulate their own property laws.
Language and religion
The official language is Arabic but English, German, Hindi/Urdu, Malayalam, Tamil, Persian, Russian and Tagalog are also widely spoken. As Dubai is a largely open economy it continues to attract talent from all parts of the world, so there is an increasing variety of languages spoken in the Emirate.
Article 7 of the UAE's Provisional Constitution declares Islam the official state religion of the Union. The Government funds or subsidizes almost 95 percent of Sunni mosques and employs all Sunni imams; approximately 5 percent of Sunni mosques are entirely private, and several large mosques have large private endowments. The government distributes guidance on religious sermons to mosques and imams, whether Sunni or Shi'a, and monitors all sermons for political content.
The Shi'a minority is free to worship and maintain its own mosques. All Shi'a mosques are considered private and receive no funds from the government. Within the UAE, Shi'a imams are government-appointed only in Dubai. Shi'a Muslims in Dubai may pursue Shi'a family law cases through a special Shi'a council rather than the Shari'a courts.
There are also large numbers of expatriate Hindus, Sikhs, and Christians. Non-Muslim groups can own their own houses of worship, wherein they can practice their religion freely, by requesting a land grant and permission to build a compound. Groups that do not have their own buildings must use the facilities of other religious organizations or worship in private homes. While the UAE doesn't offer any federal-level method of granting official status to religious groups, the individual emirates may exercise autonomy in officially recognizing a particular religious denomination. For instance, Dubai granted legal status to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1993. Dubai is also the only emirate that has Hindu temples and a Sikh Gurdwara.
Burj Al-Arab behind Al-JumairahIn early 2001, ground was broken for the construction of several additional churches on a parcel of land in Jebel Ali donated by the government of Dubai to four Protestant congregations and a Roman Catholic congregation. Construction on the first Greek Orthodox Church in Dubai (to be called St. Mary's) began at the end of 2005. The land for the construction of the church was also donated by the government to the Greek Orthodox community of Dubai.
Financial support to non-Muslim groups from the Dubai government is limited to donated land for the construction of churches and other religious facilities, including cemeteries. They are permitted to raise money from among their congregates and to receive financial support from abroad. Non-Muslim religious groups are permitted to openly advertise group functions, however, proselytizing or distributing religious literature is strictly prohibited under penalty of criminal prosecution, imprisonment, and deportation for engaging in behavior offensive to Islam.
See also: Roman Catholicism in the United Arab Emirates
The Burj Al-Arab in Dubai.
The Towers in Dubai
The Emirates Towers of Dubai
The Jumeirah Palm, the world's largest man-made island.
Burj Dubai (under construction) is scheduled to be the world's tallest building Oil reserves in Dubai are less than one-twentieth those of Abu Dhabi, and oil income represents a small proportion of the Emirate's income.
Dubai and its twin across the Dubai creek, Deira (independent at that time), became important ports of call for Western manufacturers. Most of the new city's banking and financial centres were headquartered in the port area. Dubai maintained its importance as a trade route through the 1970s and 1980s. The city of Dubai has a free trade in gold and until the 1990s was the hub of a "brisk smuggling trade" of gold ingots to India, where gold import was restricted.
Today, Dubai is an important tourist destination and port (Jebel Ali, constructed in the 1970s, has the largest man-made harbour in the world), but is also increasingly developing as a hub for service industries such as IT and finance, with the new Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC). Transport links are bolstered by its rapidly-expanding Emirates Airline, founded by the government in 1985 and still state-owned; based at Dubai International Airport, it carried over 24 million passengers in fiscal year 2005.
|Translation - Chinese|
在外来移居者财产所有权允许的区域，越来越多的别墅和公寓建立起来，例如：棕榈人工岛（Palm Islands）、格蕾丝（The Greens)、迪拜海滨城（Dubai Marina）、国际中心（International City）。其所有制或为永久或为99年租约，视区域而定；永久产权区于2006年7月公共告知。【6】拥有一套完整的居住所有权或租约的所有者可以申请（并不保证）一个三年后可续签的居住签证。联邦政府并未声明外国人是否拥有财产或是否有权修订其财产法。
现在，迪拜成了一个重要的旅游目的地和码头（吉拜阿里港，始建于1970年，配有世界上最大的人工海港），但他也仍在不断发展成为一个服务和工业的中心，如信息技术、金融和迪拜新型国际金融中心（Dubai International Financial Centre(DIFC)）。交通运输主要为其迅速扩张的酋长国航空运输，这是政府在1985年集资建立的并仍为国有；在迪拜国际机场的基础上，在2005年财政年其运输量超过了两千四百万人次。
|Chinese to English: 北京：5年内解决成真低收入家庭住房难|
General field: Law/Patents
|Source text - Chinese|
|Translation - English|
Overcoming the Housing Difficulty for Low-Income Families within Five Years
To establish and improve the basic housing system to adjust to the capital city’s reality, and to achieve the goal of ‘assure every resident obtains a place to live in’. During 12th five-year-plan, Beijing government will endeavor to overstress the indemnification housing plan, the prime aim is to overcome the housing difficulty for low-income families and improve the living standard for migrant workers by the end of 12th five-year-plan.
In the aspect of land-providing, counties which fail to complete land use plan for low-income housing construction will not be provided with land for economic-functional-house in principle. Efforts are put to lower the supplying costs for low-income housing construction, research is made to establish directional reserving system for land use for low-income housing.
In the aspect of government distribution, governments of city, district and county will give priority to affordable housing project in financial budget. Besides, governments will also distribute long-term funds like social security funds, security funds and social capital to establishment f low-income housing construction.
In the aspect of planing and quality of project, attention will be paid to optimize residential function and interior structure design, rooms of medium and small will be encouraged to develop.
In the aspect of distribution and operation supervision, files of credit records of low-income housing will be set, regularly declaration system will be promoted. To applicants providing fake information to purchase or rent low-income housing, severe punishment and media expose is put.
|Years of translation experience: 6. Registered at ProZ.com: Aug 2013.|
I am Yu Zeng from China, I am currently studying as an international student in Australia at the University of Western Sydney, majoring in Interpreting and Translation. With my study history and working experience. I wish I could work as a translator for the rest of my life. Being professional and providing a better service has always been a dream of mine. I am mainly working on legal translation and conference interpreting. I am looking forward to any cooperation on such fields.
Profile last updated
Aug 21, 2013