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English to Chinese: Text for translation- V60 product book Mar 17.doc General field: Tech/Engineering Detailed field: Mechanics / Mech Engineering
Source text - English Text for V60 product book
March 12, 2009
PAGE ONE -- Front Cover
The V60-850 kW,
• China’s most high-tech KW turbine
• The most advanced KW turbine, made for China
• Innovative technology, tailored for China
• New technology, reliable product
• Industry-leading KW technology, made for China
PAGE TWO AND THREE -- Inside Cover
Innovation for a sustainable China, a partnership for the future (BEST)
PAGE 4 -- Turbine Intro & Customer Voice
Title: Best in Class
The V60 850KW turbine is new product that breaks new ground in China. Designed for Chinese wind and weather conditions, the V60 850KW is a more productive and efficient turbine that uses Vestas’ latest technological innovations – building on the well-proven and reliable V52 (series of KW machines). The V60 850KW is optimized for medium and low wind sites, making it an efficient and powerful turbine for China’s biggest available wind classes. In other words, the V60 opens the doors to 75 per cent of China’s onshore wind resources.
The V60 850KW was built in China to meet Chinese customers needs: based on Vestas’ 23 years of experience in the Chinese wind energy, it was conceived in China, and designed with industry-leading expertise from Vestas’ global research and development team.
The V60 850 KW is more efficient, more productive and more flexible turbine – it can generate more electricity than other KW turbines in the 850KW class.
With the V60, Vestas is ready to partner with China’s wind industry in entering the next stage of development.
PAGE FIVE – Customer Voice
Title: Solving the challenges together
Our customers told us that a competitive new KW product based on Chinese market conditions was needed, and we set out to make this product.
Our customers told us that they needed a more productive turbine for Class IIb sites and adapted for the harsh climate of China’s most windy areas. Our customers wanted a more powerful and efficient KW turbine that delivers a better return on investment. They wanted a turbine that is easier to transport and install in challenging sites and is easier and less costly to maintain. We designed the V60 850KW to meet all of these goals.
We developed the V60 850KW by applying our ground-breaking technology to our well-known and popular KW platform. We listened to our customers, and the result is the first-ever Vestas turbine tailored to a specific market.
PAGE SIX -- Selling Points of V60
Title: Cutting-edge blades deliver more power
What makes the V60 a more productive turbine are its newly-designed, 29-meter blades. The product of our latest and most innovative technology, these blades feature a new structural design with an enhanced aerodynamic profile delivering high lift and enabling a low cut-in wind speed. The use of new materials on the V60 blades keeps its weight to a similar level as our 25-meter blades, with an increase of only 80 kilograms per blade.
In spite of the longer blades and larger swept area, the size of the nacelle remains unchanged. This is only possible with a set of newly designed components ranging from drive train, bearing housing and gearbox
English to Chinese: The history of hydrocarbon filling of Danish chalk fields General field: Tech/Engineering Detailed field: Petroleum Eng/Sci
Source text - English The history of hydrocarbon filling of Danish chalk fields
In an oil reservoir, the geometry of the interface between water and oil is critical in determining the volume of oil trapped below the top seal. If the interface is planar and horizontal, the volume calculation is fairly simple, but if the interface is tilted or undulating, estimation of the volume of the trapped oil is complex as it depends on the combined structural and fluid contact geometry. Since accumulation of the oil may take place over a time span of several million years, while the reservoir is experiencing burial and compaction, the charge history must be studied using dynamic methods that account for these changes and for flow in both the oil and water phases. These processes have been studied quantitatively at the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS) in a project that has combined the burial model with a fluid flow simulator. The modelling study shows that filling of a chalk reservoir can have a very long and complex history dominated by very low fluid flow rates (cm/year). The resulting modelled present-day situation exhibits a very irregular oil distribution and a non-planar geometry of the fluid contacts, and shows marked similarities to that shown by the field data.
Oil–water contact and free water level
The positions of the oil–water contact (OWC), the gas–oil contact (GOC) and the associated free water level (FWL) in an oil- and gas-field are some of the most important factors in estimating the in-place hydrocarbon volumes of a given field. Thus it is important to be able to analyse and predict tilted or irregular fluid contacts (Dennis et al. 2000; Moss etal. 2003; Dennis et al. in press; Vejbæk et al. in press). The fluid contact can be defined in two radically different ways: The OWC is defined by setting a threshold for the oil saturation, whereas the FWL is defined where the pressures in the water and the oil phases are equal. In the chalk reservoirs in the North Sea, the relationship between the OWC and the FWL can be described in simple cases by the capillary characteristics of the reservoir rock. In the central North Sea (Fig. 1), the fluid contacts in the Chalk can be naturally tilted by hydrodynamic activity due to a regional flow of water in the chalk. A regional pressure gradient in the chalk aquifer has been described from available pressure measurements (Megson 1992), and later refined using more data (Dennis et al. in press).
The regional lateral pressure gradient reflects differential compaction caused by rapid Neogene deposition with the highest burial rates in the central Ekofisk area (Japsen 1998). The water therefore migrates laterally away from this area and towards the periphery of the North Sea.
Analysis of burial history by backstripping and decompaction shows that this pressure was probably caused mainly by rapid deposition in the time interval from latest Miocene to Recent times, as the magnitude of the pressure corresponds to the thickness of these deposits (Japsen 1998). Thisis consistent with a very low regional permeability of the chalk (and adjacent sedimentary packages) probably not exceeding 1 mD.
Fig. 1. Map showing top chalk depth structure for the Danish North Sea area. Producing chalk fields are shown, with oil fields green, and gas fields red. Colour interval is 100 m and contour interval 50 m. The red line on the Kraka field shows location of the profile studied (see Fig. 3). Full black lines are major faults. Dashed black lines are offshore sector boundaries.Modified from Vejbæk et al. (in press).
The flow of water and the accompanying pressure differences will influence the position of the FWL (Fig. 2A). If the oil is also flowing due to either buoyancy equilibration or active migration, it will affect both the FWL and the GOC (Fig. 2B, C).
Factors that modify the position of the FWL include tilting due to structural movements, and the presence of oil migrating from the underlying source rocks into the reservoir. The reason that these processes influence the present geometry of the FWL is that both oil and water flow take place at very low velocities (cm/year), due to the low permeability of the chalk. Even though structural movements are very slow, the flow is not able to respond quickly enough to equilibrate the system, even on a scale of millions of years.
The petrophysical properties of the North Sea chalk reservoirs are mainly governed by their high-porosity/low-permeability aspect with porosities usually around 20–40% and average permeability of 1 mD.
The Kraka field in the southern Danish North Sea (Fig. 1) has been chosen as the subject of a case study of primary oil charging and remigration. To study the interaction of the different processes, reservoir fluid flow simulation techniques have been applied in combination with burial modelling, including compaction (Vejbæk 2002). The results show that a time span in the order of 2 Ma is required for the hydrocarbons to reach the top of the reservoir in an approximately equilibrium state, if they enter the reservoir section from a flank position. However, not even dynamic equilibrium can be fully obtained in this time span if re-perturbation by structural movements leads to changing water-zone pressure gradients.
English to Chinese: Influenza_CN.doc General field: Medical Detailed field: Medical: Health Care
Source text - English Dear all,
Influenza A (H1N1) again seems to intensify in different parts of the world, and several countries are currently affected to such a degree that the situation can be characterized as a pandemic. This, however, does not mean that there is any reason for panic, but instead we should prepare by following the situation intensively.
As of today a specific Influenza A (H1N1) website has been launched on Control Systems’ intranet, and will continuously inform on the development of the situation related to our organisation. In addition to links to different health authorities, the website contains guidelines as to how we can minimize the risk of Influenza A (H1N1) spreading, through healthy and considerate behaviour. It is important information, which everyone at Vestas Control Systems should be aware of, so that we can prevent bacteria from spreading and thereby protect ourselves and each other. For this reason I encourage you all to visit the intranet site, and continuously keep yourselves informed. For employees that do not have access to the intranet I ask that their immediate managers bring forward this information.
Link to Control Systems’ Influenza A (H1N1) website: http://intranet/C6/C6/C9/index/default.aspx
Translation - English Introduction
Light hydrocarbons, containing much geochemical information, are important compositions in most crude oil. They are of particular significance for researching those light and heavy compositions in mixed source oil possibly generated from different source rocks. Therefore, increasing interest has been given to study on light hydrocarbons in recent years [1,2]. Thirty years have passed since Thompson put forward heptane value and isoheptane value in 1979, two common light hydrocarbon parameters . At present, these parameters attract many scholars’ attention and are widely used. However, in-depth analysis shows that these two parameters haven’t generated good effect in all the regions where they are applied.
The Key Laboratory of Petroleum Geochemistry of China National Petroleum Corporation (KLPG, CNPC) has 772 data on light hydrocarbons in its database. The crude oil samples are taken from Tongchuan Coal Mine and 25 oilfields in Tarim, Qaidam, Turpan-Kumul, Qara Shahr, Junggar, Erdos, Songliao, Jianghan, Nanyang, Jizhong, Sichuan, Yingqiong Basins and the Pearl River Mouth Basin. Among the 772 crude oil samples, 338 have both GC data of light hydrocarbons and GC/MS data of saturated hydrocarbons with mid and large carbon numbers. And among the 338 samples, 31 are biodegraded oil with incomplete normal paraffin hydrocarbons, and 16 are crude oil with complete normal paraffin hydrocarbons but 25-norhopane can be detected in them. In this paper, factors impacting heptane value and isoheptane value are thoroughly discussed with the data and information of samples from China, for the purpose of better understanding the possible problems encountered in applying these two light hydrocarbon parameters.
1. Presentation of Parameters
K. F. M. Thompson acquired more than 2,000 fresh debris and sidewall coring samples, obtained the light hydrocarbon compositions in the samples through sweeping with helium and trapping with cold trap, and analyzed the chemical constitutions of light hydrocarbons from ethane to methylbenzene . His research results indicate that the composition characteristics of light hydrocarbons are related to the peak temperature experienced by the sedimentary rocks during their burial history, thus able to be used as the parameters to characterize the maturity of crude oil. He put forward two specific parameters, one is Paraffin Index 1, of which the formula is: Isoheptane Value = (2-methyl-hexane＋3-methylhexane)/(1,cis,3- 1, anti,3- 1, anti,2-) cyclopentane; the other is Paraffin Index 2 which can be expressed as: Heptane Value=(heptane×100)/(cyclohexane 2-methylhexane 1,1-dimethylcyclopentane＋2,3-dimethylpentane 3-methylhexane＋1,cis-, 3-dimethylcyclopentane＋1,anti-,3 -dimethylcyclopentane＋1,anti-,2-dimethylcyclopentane＋3-ethylpentane 2,2,4-trimethylpentane heptane methylcyclohexane).
In 1983, Thompson proposed once more to use heptane value and isoheptane value to research the classification and maturity of crude oil . He classified 76 crude oil samples (most are taken from Northwest America) into 4 categories. About 40% of the 76 samples have heptane value ranging between 18-22, and isoheptane value ranging between 0.8-1.2. They come from Tertiary basins (where the hydrocarbon expulsion temperature is from 138℃ to 149℃. It is predicted the samples are crude oil generated during the peak hydrocarbon expulsion period, which is called as “Normal Paraffinic”; when heptane value is 22-30 or exceeds 30, the crude oil is named “Mature” and “Super Mature”; when heptane value ranges from 0 to 18 and isoheptane value ranges from 0 to 0.8, the crude oil is defined as “Biodegraded”. He pointed out that the crude oil’s heptane value and isoheptane value are related to the kerogen type of its source rocks. Hence, the two parameters can be used to distinguish the kerogen types of the mother rocks of crude oil.
The two parameters presented by Thompson have been cited and used widely. For instance, Obermajer has studied the compositions, categories and genesis of the crude oil reserved in central Montana with the light hydrocarbon parameters heptane value and isoheptane value as well as the biomarker . Cheng Keming et al have acquired 55 condensate and crude oil samples from Mesozoic and Cenozoic basins. They cut the initial boiling fractions to 130℃ fractions and analyzed the C1-C8 components contained therein. Based on the analysis, they argued that there was an exponential relation between the paraffin index and the heptane value. They then stated that the crude oil could be divided into 4 types, namely low mature (including heavy oil), normal mature, super mature and over mature crude oil via the paraffin index and the heptane value . Wang Haiqing et al have analyzed the light hydrocarbon compositions of 3 condensate samples and 1 crude oil sample from Sichuan Basin and 4 source rock samples from Xujiahe Formation (T3x), Xiangxi Group (Jh) and Daanzhai Formation (J14). They have identified the types of the parent materials and the maturity of the source rocks by using the C2-C7 light hydrocarbon compositions, heptane value and isoheptane value, and successfully conducted oil-source correlation with the light hydrocarbon compositions . Wang Xiang et al have analyzed the light hydrocarbon compositions of 11 Carboniferous and Ordovician typical marine facies oil samples taken from the central Tarim uplift in Tarim Basin and 13 coal derived oil samples taken from Turpan-Kumul Basin. Their analysis shows that heptane value and isoheptane value of the marine facies oil samples from the central Tarim uplift are 32.3-45.4 and 1.9-3.7, respectively. It is apparently more mature than the coal derived oil from Turpan-Kumul Basin, of which the heptane value and the isoheptane value are 5.4-26.3 and 1.8-2.9, respectively .
2. Correlation of Heptane Value and Isoheptane Value versus Kerogen Type
Based on analyzing the 76 oil samples taken from Northwest America, Thompson pointed out that the heptane value and isoheptane value distributions of the crude oil samples were correlated to the kerogen types of the source rocks  (see the “Aliphatic curve” and the “Aromatic curve” in Fig.1). Peters et al put the corresponding data of the samples taken from other regions with different lithologies in the US into the Thompson plate, and found their heptane value and isoheptane value distributions had much larger range than that of the 76 oil samples analyzed by Thompson .We put heptane value and isoheptane value of 116 crude oil samples into the Thompson plate. Among the 116 samples, 56 are taken from the Lower Cretaceous source rocks of kerogens type I and II in Daqing and Jilin Oilfields, 38 are taken from the Lower Paleozoic marine facies source rocks of kerogens type I and II in Tarim Basin, 15 are taken from the coal bed source rocks of Turpan-Kumul and Qara Shahr Basins, and 7 are taken from the Tiergen source rocks of kerogen type III in Tarim Basin (Fig.1). It can be seen from Fig.1 that the heptane value and isoheptane value distributions of Chinese oil samples from different types of kerogens demonstrate similar pattern to what Thompson reported, in other words, the Aliphatic curve of the oil samples of source rocks which are of kerogen I and II are distributed above the Aromatic curve of the oil samples from kerogen type III, but the distribution range is similar to that reported by Peters et al, and far beyond the distribution range of the 76 oil samples analyzed by Thompson. The Aromatic curve of the Chinese crude oil moves large distance, compared with heptane value and isoheptane value distribution range of the crude oil from Northwest America issued by Thompson. It seems that Chinese oil has higher heptane value and its Aromatic curve is above the Thompson trendline. The authors think it inappropriate to predict or analyze the kerogen types of Chinese crude oil source rocks directly with the Thompson plate.
Fig.1 Correlation of the heptane value and isoheptane value of some Chinese typical crude oil versus the kerogen types of the source rocks, together with the contrast with the Thompson plate
Chinese to English: 能源杂志-难以复制的丹麦模式 General field: Bus/Financial
Source text - Chinese 难以复制的“丹麦模式”
Translation - English Denmark Mode: Hard to Duplicate
Denmark’s success in developing new energy, mainly the wind power, apart from its natural & social conditions and backgrounds, is inseparable from its policy advantages on grid design and the environmental awareness all over the country.
It is really lucky to be able to arrive in Denmark and have an insight of the new energy development and future perspective of this Northern European country before the commencement of Copenhagen Conference.
From Copenhagen to Aarhus, from Randers to Samso Island, between the rolling hills and low valleys, green meadows and bushes meet your eyes everywhere. Wherever you go, you could feel a sense of environmental protection and new energy development. From the numerous wind turbines erected along the coast, to the solar panel and wood pellet heating system, all these things remind you constantly that you are in the world’s demonstration place of new energy development.
Denmark’s success in new energy development has some relations with its natural & social conditions as well as its backgrounds.
First of all, Denmark is an under-populated country; the total population of Denmark is only over 5 million; this means little energy consumption and is instrumental to the promotion of new energy resources. On Samso Island, a completely renewable energy island, its permanent residents are only 4100, even so, according to the locals, many of the residents do not live on the island, and there are only ‘summer houses’. And so it is most likely to be successful to build a renewable energy pilot at such an under-populated place. However, Mr. Jasper, the person in charge of media in Samso Energy Academy said they still met a great deal of resistance when they initially developed new energy, even though the population is small. “The resolution process among all residents of the island was extremely difficult, and all got stomachache because of drinking too much coffee.”
Secondly, it is Denmark’s superior grid-connected mode and its advanced system. Basically, there are four main bodies in normal electric power market: power generation enterprises, power transmission ones, power distribution ones and power users. Lack of any one above will inevitably lead to monopoly or damage to users’ benefits. In most countries including China, there is no electric power distribution enterprise, instead, they adopt a system of the integration of power transmission and distribution, which will definitely lead to monopoly of grid, and hence make a barrier for new energy resources to connect to the grid. The transmission and distribution separated mode that Denmark uses not only make it possible for wind power to connect to the grid, but also clear the way for the development of wind energy. The Nord Pool in Oslo, capital of Norway, provides a free electric power trading platform for Northern European countries. According to relevant person in charge of Danish National Grid, besides Denmark, other countries have started to promote this system of separating power transmission from distribution. Germany has completed the reform, and France is still in progress due to its relatively strong obstacles.
Aside from its superior grid system, Dr. Oral, the Senior Policy Advisor of Danish Energy Authority told the correspondent that, the tax for fossil fuels in European countries including Denmark was very high, but there was no tax on renewable energy, and they offer certain subsidy; this to a large extent has encouraged investors of new energy. And for each wind farm invested by investors, they have to give 20% of the shares to local residents, which also improved the public’s interests to develop new energy.
In addition, Denmark’s education mode and local residents’ accomplishment also play an important role in the development of new energy and environmental protection. According to the person in charge of Samso Energy Academy, many of local education projects to children have involved wind power and new energy development, so as to build children’s new energy development awareness since childhood. In Copenhagen Business Academy, according to the correspondent who has visited there, you can see the name of a company in front of the door of each classroom. Students said that all these classrooms were sponsored by enterprises, such as many new energy companies including Vestas.
Danish Wind Energy Association, as a non-governmental organization, usually organizes activities, such as exchange of visits between Danish and Sweden students, and view-exchanging upon wind power development. Mr. Lorne Nelson, person in charge of media in Denmark Wind Energy Association said, “of course, we will also organize students to communicate with wind power suppliers, so that students could understand the company’s development and it’s also helpful for companies to select talents.”
Apart from the education mode, local residents’ comprehensive accomplishment and environmental awareness are also instrumental to the development of renewable energy. When having an interview at Danish National Grid, the correspondent was shown with a photo, which was about some people protested in front of a thermal power plant not long ago, they protested with the purpose of letting thermal power plant close as soon as possible so as to reduce the pollution. The person in charge of Wind Energy Association also said that Dong Energy Company, as the largest energy company in Denmark, plans to close six of its existing sixteen thermal power plants next year and their productivity will be replaced by wind energy.
Although Denmark’s new energy development is successful, the mode is hard to duplicate due to the different conditions of different countries. However, it provides us a thought, i.e. human beings could completely meet their own demands by harnessing new energies, as long as people understand how to reform and develop consciously. Our future is in our own hands. December 21, 2012 is not the doomsday of human beings and the dawn of December 22 will come as usual.
Chinese to English: hajiaji金矿区普查设计 General field: Tech/Engineering Detailed field: Geology
Source text - Chinese 第2章 以往地质工作程度
Translation - English Chapter 2 Previous Geological Work
2.1 Previous geological research
Sudan Geologic Bureau has finished satellite image interpretation, geochemical soil measurement and trenching in this area. However, their work area distributed widely; thus, no any commercial evaluation results were obtained.
In 2008, Jilin Geologic Research Institute and No.5 Geologic Team of Hebei Geologic Exploration Bureau finished geologic study in this area and preliminarily studied the mineralization and characteristics of this area.
From November 2008 to February 2009, No.5 Geologic Team of Hebei Geologic Exploration Bureau performed gold mine reconnaissance in Hajiaji gold mine area and finished 1:5000 topography surveying, trenching, drilling and sampling test. In the currently studied southern Hajiaji area, the estimated gold resource volume is about 385.68kg. The ore body length in strike direction is mostly lower than 60m and can extend to less than 20m; and ore grade is low. Therefore, we came to the conclusion that the possibility of discovering large-scale gold mine in Block 21 is low.
In June 2009, China-Africa Investment Development Co., Ltd. discovered gold mine at about 2000m in the east of Hajiaji gold mine area. The 6 trenches penetrated two ore bodies with thickness over 7m. Gold grade of some samples is over 4g/ton and the average gold grade is over 1g/ton.
2.2 Geological technical verification and data processing
In August 2009, we finished field reconnaissance in the work area, got preliminary understandings of the mineralization condition in Southern Hajiaji area and determined that this area has potential for future prospecting.
From September 2009 to November 2009, we studied the geologic data acquired from Sudan and defined the regional structure pattern and major structure direction. We reviewed the previous reconnaissance result, determined the technical route with new geological understanding and re-evaluated all data. On such basis, we initially selected southern Hajiaji area as starting point to re-evaluate the mineralization and prospecting potential of the work area through geological study.
The geological technical verification, by means of 1:2000 preliminary surveying, 1:10000 preliminary surveying and trenching, initially delineates the mineralized alternation zone. Based on this, we can select favorable zones to drill a hole to control the mid-shallow formation. After preliminary review, we made breakthrough on geological understanding and prospecting effect. We has discovered several gold ore bodies with single layer thickness over 10m, average gold grade in single project over 4g/ton, single sample gold grade over 95.90g/ton and controlled depth of 173m. This provides working targets and direction for future prospecting.
English to Chinese: SPE-119890 General field: Tech/Engineering Detailed field: Petroleum Eng/Sci
Source text - English Abstract
Ultra-low permeability shale reservoirs require a large fracture network to maximize well performance. Microseismic
fracture mapping has shown that large fracture networks can be generated in many shale reservoirs. In conventional
reservoirs and tight gas sands, single-plane fracture half-length and conductivity are the key drivers for stimulation
performance. In shale reservoirs, where complex network structures in multiple planes are created, the concept of a single
fracture half-length and conductivity are insufficient to describe stimulation performance. This is the reason for the concept
of using stimulated reservoir volume as a correlation parameter for well performance. The size of the created fracture
network can be approximated as the 3-D volume (Stimulated Reservoir Volume or SRV) of the microseismic event cloud.
This paper briefly illustrates how the Stimulated Reservoir Volume (SRV) can be estimated from microseismic mapping data
and is then related to total injected fluid volume and well performance. While the effectively producing network could be
smaller by some proportion, it is assumed that created and effective network are directly related. However, SRV is not the
only driver of well performance. Fracture spacing and conductivity within a given SRV are just as important and this paper
illustrates how both SRV and fracture spacing for a given conductivity can affect production acceleration and ultimate
recovery. The effect of fracture conductivity is discussed separately in a series of companion papers. Simulated production
data is then compared with actual field results to demonstrate variability in well performance and how this concept can be
used to improve completion design, and well spacing and placement strategies.
Fisher et al. (2002), Maxwell et al. (2002), and Fischer et al. (2004) were the first papers to discuss the creation of large
fracture networks in the Barnett shale and show initial relationships between treatment size, network size and shape, and
production response. Microseismic fracture mapping results indicated that the fracture network size was related to the
stimulation treatment volume. Figure 1 shows the relationship between treatment volume and fracture network size for five
vertical Barnett wells, showing that large treatment sizes resulted in larger fracture networks. It was observed that as fracture
network size and complexity increase, the volume of reservoir stimulated also increases. Fisher et al. (2004) detailed
microseismic fracture mapping results for horizontal wells in the Barnett shale. This work illustrated that production is
directly related to the reservoir volume stimulated during the fracture treatments. In vertical wells, larger treatments are the
primary way to increase fracture network size and complexity. Horizontal well geometry provides other optimization
opportunities. Longer laterals and more stimulation stages can also be used to increase fracture network size and stimulated
reservoir volume. Mayerhofer et al. (2006) performed numerical reservoir simulations to understand the impact of fracture
network properties such as SRV on well performance. The paper also showed that well performance can be related to very
long effective fractures forming a network inside a very tight shale matrix of 100 nano-darcies or less.
Translation - Chinese 摘要
Master's degree - Université de Montpellier III – Paul Valéry
Years of translation experience: 12. Registered at ProZ.com: Jun 2009. Became a member: Sep 2011.
English to Chinese (China: Translators Association of China, verified) Chinese to English (China: Translators Association of China , verified) French to Chinese (Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3 - UFR 2 Langues et Cultures Étrangères et Régionales, verified)
I have worked as a full-time English-Chinese Translator for 5 years in a translation and consulting agency. The total number of words translated has been over 5 million, which has made me experienced in translation and has enabled me to work in an efficient way. I was promoted from junior translator to intermediate translator and then to senior translator in one year, which was unprecedented in company’s history. In addition to translation and proofreading, I also helped the director manage the translation department and assisted the general manager in improving the cooperation among translation department, project department and market department.
I am very eager to learn new skills and eager to cooperate with others so as to improve translation skills as much as possible, which is also my life-long goal; hence, in order to make continuous progress in this regard, I took part in and passed the exam of China Accreditation Test for Translators and Interpreters and became an accredited translator in 2009. The translation certificate obtained can serve as a nationally-recognized professional title. The same year, I became a member of Translators Association of China.
I now mainly work as a translator and QAer specialized in subtitling for several major subtitling service providers in the world.
Traducteur expérimenté, 12 ans d'expériences, plus de cinq millions de mots traduits, deux promotions en une année dans une agence de traduction et de consultation, ce qui a été sans précédent depuis la création de l'entreprise, j'ai fait preuve de l'autonomie, de l'efficacité et de la passion pour ce métier.
J’ai réussi l’examen de China Accreditation Test for Translators and Interpreters, et ainsi qualifié de traducteur certifié en 2009. En outre, je suis membre de l’Association de traducteurs de Chine.
Cinq ans de travail à plein temps, sept ans d'expériences en tant que traducteur libéral.